Diana Petitti

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OBJECTIVES A growing number of prospective clinical trials include economic end points. Recognizing the variation in methodology and reporting of these studies, the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) chartered the Task Force on Good Research Practices: Randomized Clinical Trials-Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. Its goal(More)
W orldwide, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the largest single cause of death among women, accounting for one third of all deaths. 1 In many countries, including the United States, more women than men die every year of CVD, a fact largely unknown by physicians. 2,3 The public health impact of CVD in women is not related solely to the mortality rate, given(More)
BACKGROUND Many types of research on dementia and cognitive impairment require large sample sizes. Detailed in-person assessment using batteries of neuropyschologic testing is expensive. This study evaluates whether a brief telephone cognitive assessment strategy can reliably classify cognitive status when compared to an in-person "gold-standard" clinical(More)
In a large cohort of women, the risk of subarachnoid haemorrhage was significantly associated both with cigarette smoking and with use of oral contraceptives (O.C.S.). The risk of cigarette smokers was 5.7 times that of non-smokers; for current users of O.C.S. the risk was 6.5 times that of non-users. The risk in women who both smoked cigarettes and used(More)
BACKGROUND Little evidence exists that links teamwork to patient outcomes. We conducted this study to determine if patients of teams with good teamwork had better outcomes than those with poor teamwork. METHODS Observers used a standardized instrument to assess team behaviors. Retrospective chart review was performed to measure 30-day outcomes. Multiple(More)
Most screening tests of cognitive functioning require face to face administration by trained examiners. This limits their utility in epidemiology and in primary care settings. Further, existing screening tests have not been developed using established psychometric principles. We adapted the Telephone Interview of Cognitive Status-modified (TICSm) for(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Information about the risk of stroke in current postmenopausal hormone users is limited. METHODS In this case-control study, women aged 45 to 74 years hospitalized with a fatal or nonfatal stroke in any of 10 Northern California Kaiser Permanente facilities during the period November 1991 to November 1994 were identified as cases.(More)
Global cognitive screening tests are increasingly used in clinical and research settings. However, many have not been developed following systematic psychometric principles; thus, construct validity is not clearly defined. It is the aim of this study to identify the cognitive domains that are associated with the total score from the Telephone Interview for(More)
BACKGROUND The association between blood pressure (BP) and dementia is not easily interpreted, but some prospective studies suggest that dementia may lower BP. OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between BP during a 10-year period and the prevalence of dementia. DESIGN Comparison of longitudinal BP between participants who had dementia, participants(More)