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The reactivities of glutathione, cysteine, cysteamine, penicillamine, N-acetylcysteine, dithiothreitol and captopril with superoxide generated from xanthine oxidase and hypoxanthine, and with reagent hydrogen peroxide, have been investigated. Rates of thiol loss on adding hydrogen peroxide, and superoxide-dependent thiol loss and oxygen uptake were(More)
Superoxide, generated by a xanthine oxidase/hypoxanthine system, reacts with reduced glutathione (GSH) to cause an increase in oxygen consumption and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) formation, both of which are fully inhibited by superoxide dismutase. In this study we have shown that little, if any, of the additional oxygen consumed is converted to hydrogen(More)
In this study, it is shown that considerable evidence for the possible pathway by which dopamine o-quinone, o-quinone and aminochrome can be activated metabolically by NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase to high reactive semiquinones. These findings were discussed from a mechanistic standpoint as well as in terms of potential physiological implications of(More)
In the last ten years, there has been an important increase in interest in quercetin action as a unique antioxidant, but its putative role in numerous prooxidant effects is also being continually updated. The mechanism underlying this undesirable ability seems to involve its metabolic oxidoreductive activation. Based on the structural properties of(More)
The formation and decay of intermediate compounds of horseradish peroxidase, lactoperoxidase, and myeloperoxidase formed in the presence of the superoxide/hydrogen peroxide-generating xanthine/xanthine oxidase system has been studied by observation of spectral changes in both the Soret and visible spectral regions and both on millisecond and second time(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) are formed under physiological conditions in the human body and are removed by cellular antioxidant defense system. During oxidative stress their increased formation leads to tissue damage and cell death. This process may be especially important in the central nervous system (CNS) which is(More)
We present for discussion a possible molecular mechanism explaining the formation of reactive oxygen species involved in the neurodegenerative process of dopaminergic system in Parkinson's disease. This new hypothesis involves one-electron reduction of aminochrome to o-semiquinone radical, which seems to be the reaction responsible for neurodegenerative(More)
The antiradical and antioxidant activities of four biologically active N,N-diethyloaminoethyl ethers of flavanone oximes (N,N-DEAEFo) were investigated in vitro and compared with these of polyphenolic flavonoid (rutin). Four experimental models were used: iron- and ascorbate driven Fenton systems, gamma-radiolysis, xanthine/xanthine oxidase system and(More)
The electron spin resonance-spin stabilization technique has been applied to identify the o-semiquinone intermediate produced during the lactoperoxidase-catalyzed oxidation of the catecholamine norepinephrine. The results of a rapid scan and spectrophotometric investigation of the reaction clearly indicate a normal peroxidatic pathway of catecholamine(More)
A study of the indole-3-acetate reaction with horse-radish peroxidase, in the absence or presence of hydrogen peroxide, has been performed, employing rapid scan and conventional spectrophotometry. We present here the first clear spectral evidence, obtained on the millisecond time scale, indicating that at pH 5.0 and for high [enzyme/substrate] ratios(More)