Diana Metodiewa

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The reactivities of glutathione, cysteine, cysteamine, penicillamine, N-acetylcysteine, dithiothreitol and captopril with superoxide generated from xanthine oxidase and hypoxanthine, and with reagent hydrogen peroxide, have been investigated. Rates of thiol loss on adding hydrogen peroxide, and superoxide-dependent thiol loss and oxygen uptake were(More)
In the last ten years, there has been an important increase in interest in quercetin action as a unique antioxidant, but its putative role in numerous prooxidant effects is also being continually updated. The mechanism underlying this undesirable ability seems to involve its metabolic oxidoreductive activation. Based on the structural properties of(More)
Superoxide, generated by a xanthine oxidase/hypoxanthine system, reacts with reduced glutathione (GSH) to cause an increase in oxygen consumption and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) formation, both of which are fully inhibited by superoxide dismutase. In this study we have shown that little, if any, of the additional oxygen consumed is converted to hydrogen(More)
In this study, it is shown that considerable evidence for the possible pathway by which dopamine o-quinone, o-quinone and aminochrome can be activated metabolically by NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase to high reactive semiquinones. These findings were discussed from a mechanistic standpoint as well as in terms of potential physiological implications of(More)
 This overview summarizes recent findings on the role of tyrosyl radical (TyrO•) in the multitudinous neurochemical systems of brain, and theorizes on the putative role of TyrO• in neurological disorders [Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)]. TyrO• and tyrosine per se can interact with reactive oxygen(More)
Enzymatically generated tyrosyl radicals are effectively scavenged by reduced glutathione (GSH), thereby generating glutathione thiyl radicals and superoxide radicals, subsequently. Here, we have used horseradish peroxidase to generate tyrosyl radicals and investigated the fate of the superoxide radicals. At low GSH concentrations (with a maximum effect at(More)
The formation and decay of intermediate compounds of horseradish peroxidase, lactoperoxidase, and myeloperoxidase formed in the presence of the superoxide/hydrogen peroxide-generating xanthine/xanthine oxidase system has been studied by observation of spectral changes in both the Soret and visible spectral regions and both on millisecond and second time(More)
A stable nitroxide radical named Metexyl (4-methoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl) was synthesized and its antioxidant and antitumor properties were investigated and compared with these of another nitroxide derivatives previously designed in our laboratories. Three experimental models were used: xanthine/xanthine oxidase system, pulse radiolysis and(More)
A study of the indole-3-acetate reaction with horse-radish peroxidase, in the absence or presence of hydrogen peroxide, has been performed, employing rapid scan and conventional spectrophotometry. We present here the first clear spectral evidence, obtained on the millisecond time scale, indicating that at pH 5.0 and for high [enzyme/substrate] ratios(More)
The endogenous dopamine-derived neurotoxin salsolinol was found to decrease survival in the dopaminergic neuronal cell line RCSN-3, derived from adult rat substantia nigra in a concentration-dependent manner (208 microM salsolinol induced a 50% survival decrease). Incubation of RCSN-3 cells with 100 micro;M dicoumarol and salsolinol significantly decreased(More)