Diana Mechtcheriakova

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The immunomodulatory drug FTY720 is phosphorylated in vivo, and the resulting FTY720 phosphate as a ligand for sphingosine-1-phosphate receptors is responsible for the unique biological effects of the compound. So far, phosphorylation of FTY720 by murine sphingosine kinase (SPHK) 1a had been documented. We found that, while FTY720 is also phosphorylated by(More)
FTY720 (fingolimod) is an oral sphingosine-1 phosphate (S1P) receptor modulator in phase III development for the treatment of multiple sclerosis. To further investigate its mode of action, we analyzed gene expression in the central nervous system (CNS) during experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). FTY720 downregulated inflammatory genes in(More)
Activation of endothelial cells by lipid oxidation products is a key event in the initiation and progression of the atherosclerotic lesion. Minimally modified low-density lipoprotein (MM-LDL) induces the expression of certain inflammatory molecules such as tissue factor (TF) in endothelial cells. This study examined intracellular signaling pathways leading(More)
Vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) is a major regulator of angiogenesis. We report here that treatment of endothelial cells with VEGF leads to upregulation of tissue factor mRNA and protein expression on the cell surface. Reporter gene studies show that transcriptional activation of the tissue factor gene by VEGF is mediated by a GC-rich(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate, a lipid mediator produced by sphingosine kinases, regulates diverse cellular processes, ranging from cell growth and survival to effector functions, such as proinflammatory mediator synthesis. Using human A549 epithelial lung carcinoma cells as a model system, we observed transient upregulation of sphingosine kinase type 1 (SPHK1)(More)
Ceramide is a key player governing cell fate, and its conversion to ceramide-1-phosphate by ceramide kinase (CERK) is emerging as an important mean to regulate apoptosis and inflammatory processes. We identified a new ceramide kinase homolog, designated CERK-like protein (CERKL) and we compared it to the known CERK. Real time-PCR analysis of human tissues(More)
The NK gene complex is a region on human chromosome 12 containing several families of lectin-like genes including the CD94 and NKG2 NK receptor genes. We report here that the region telomeric of CD94 contains in addition to the LOX-1 gene the novel human DECTIN-1 and the CLEC-1 and CLEC-2 genes within about 100 kb. Sequence similarities and chromosomal(More)
Tissue factor (TF) has been shown to be up-regulated in endothelial cells by the inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) as well as by the main angiogenic factor VEGF. Since both stimuli induce the transcription factor EGR-1, which is critically involved in TF gene regulation, we used EGR-1-dependent TF induction as a model to identify(More)
Angiogenesis is a common feature observed in advanced atherosclerotic lesions. We hypothesized that oxidized phospholipids (OxPLs), which accumulate in atherosclerotic vessels can stimulate angiogenesis. We found that oxidized 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (OxPAPC) stimulated the formation of sprouts from endothelial cell spheroids(More)
Fumaric acid esters, mainly dimethylfumarate (DMF), have been successfully used to treat psoriasis. Based on previous observations that DMF inhibited expression of several TNF-induced genes in endothelial cells, we wished to explore the molecular basis of DMF function in greater detail. In first experiments we analyzed DMF effects on tissue factor(More)