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This is the first report of a putative pathogenic ciliate protozoan that has been associated with Caribbean corals. Previously, only 2 species of the phylum Ciliophora had been linked to coral diseases, and they were exclusive to the Indo-Pacific region. In this study, a ciliate of the genus Halofolliculina was found on 10 hard coral species at the National(More)
Many members of the cnidarian subclass Zoantharia (sea anemones, corals, and their allies) pass through a larval stage with eight complete mesenteries and without posterior musculature. This larva is usually transient, developing into an adult with 12 or more mesenteries. The adults of one family of sea anemones, the Edwardsiidae, bear the larval number and(More)
Isoenzyme electrophoresis of three different enzyme systems was used to compare 71 strains assigned to the 15 currently recognized species of Acanthamoeba. A phylogenetic (cladistic) analysis of the zymograms indicated an arrangement of strains in 15 distinguishable lineages, but not all corresponding to current taxonomic assignments. Five of the groups(More)
A benthic marine protist (Stephanopogon) with a homokaryotic nucleus has long been considered to be a gymnostome ciliate. It has been important in hypotheses concerning the origin of ciliates, the evolution and origin of the dual nuclear apparatus of contemporary species of the Ciliophora, and the origin of the multicellular Eumetazoa. Ultrastructural(More)
With the amount of available sequence data rapidly increasing, supermatrices are at the forefront of systematic studies. As an alternative to supertrees, supermatrices utilize a total evidence approach where different genes and other lines of data are merged into a single data matrix, which is then analyzed in an attempt to obtain the phylogeny that best(More)
The Synhymeniida is characterized both by a band of somatic dikinetids, the synhymenium, extending across the surface of the cell and by a ventral cell mouth lacking specialized feeding cilia but subtended by a well-developed cyrtos. The synhymeniids have been hypothesized to be members of the class Nassophorea but our previous ultrastructural study of the(More)
Population replenishment through recruitment is an essential process for the long term viability of corals and their associated communities, particularly under increasing stresses which threaten their vitality. Despite the importance of identifying the factors that maximize recruitment success, relatively little is known regarding the early post-settlement(More)
Recent advances in molecular technology have revolutionized research on all aspects of the biology of organisms, including ciliates, and created unprecedented opportunities for pursuing a more integrative approach to investigations of biodiversity. However, this goal is complicated by large gaps and inconsistencies that still exist in the foundation of(More)
The superiority of cladistic methods to both synthetic and phenetic methods is briefly advanced and reviewed. Cladistics creates testable hypotheses of phylogeny that also give a highly informative summary of available data. Thus it best fits the criteria for a method for determining the general reference classification in biology. For protistologists in(More)
The first ultrastructural description of the genus Placus is presented. Each somatic kinetosome has a cone-shaped axosomal plate, nonoverlapping postciliary microtubules, an anteriorly directed kinetodesmal fiber, and a radial ribbon of transverse microtubules, which extend laterally under the ciliary furrow and insert in the cortical ridge. A closed ring(More)