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Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is a lysosomal lipid storage disease caused by arylsulfatase A deficiency. In MLD patients the sphingolipid sulfatide increasingly accumulates leading to progressive demyelination. We have analysed arylsulfatase A-deficient mice, a MLD mouse model, and we show that accumulation of sulfatide is not restricted to the(More)
Lysosomal exocytosis is a ubiquitously occurring process, which has a physiological role in repair of wounds of the plasma membrane. Lysosomal storage disorders are a group of more than 40 different diseases, which are characterized by intralysosomal storage of various substances. Metachromatic leukodystrophy is a lysosomal disease caused by the deficiency(More)
Liposomal gene transfer is an effective therapeutic approach for the treatment of several pathophysiologic states. The purpose of the present study was to define whether gene transfer of multiple genes is a feasible approach and whether this approach would be more effective than the single transfer of cDNA. Rats were inflicted an acute wound and divided(More)
UNLABELLED Metachromatic leukodystrophy is a lysosomal lipid storage disorder. It is caused by mutations in the gene for arylsulphatase A, an enzyme involved in the degradation of the sphingolipid 3'-O-sulphogalactosylceramide (sulphatide). This membrane lipid can be found in various cell types, but in particularly high concentrations in the myelin of the(More)
Pluripotency, virtually unlimited self-renewal and amenability to genetic modification make embryonic stem (ES) cells an attractive donor source for cell-mediated gene therapy. In this proof of concept study, we explore whether glial precursors derived from murine ES cells (ESGPs) and engineered to overexpress human arylsulfatase A (hASA) can cross-correct(More)
Lysosomal storage diseases comprise a group of about 40 disorders, which in most cases are due to the deficiency of a lysosomal enzyme. Since lysosomal enzymes are involved in the degradation of various compounds, the diseases can be further subdivided according to which pathway is affected. Thus, enzyme deficiencies in the degradation pathway of(More)
Metachromatic leukodystrophy is a lysosomal disorder caused by the deficiency of arylsulfatase A (ASA). This leads to the storage of the sphingolipid 3-O-sulfogalactosylceramide (sulfatide) in various cell types, such as renal tubular cells. Examination of mannose 6-phosphate receptor (MPR300)-dependent endocytosis revealed that uptake of lysosomal enzymes(More)