Diana Kachan

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The objective of this study was to examine and compare 3 key health behaviors associated with chronic disease (ie, risky drinking, smoking, and sedentary lifestyle). We used data from the National Health Interview Survey from 1997 through 2010 to calculate the prevalence of these behaviors among older Americans and rank each state, and we analyzed overall(More)
INTRODUCTION Mindfulness-based practices can improve workers' health and reduce employers' costs by ameliorating the negative effect of stress on workers' health. We examined the prevalence of engagement in 4 mindfulness-based practices in the US workforce. METHODS We used 2002, 2007, and 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data for adults (aged(More)
INTRODUCTION Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an important predictor of morbidity and mortality; however, its geographical variation in older adults in the United States has not been characterized. We compared HRQOL among older adults in the 50 US states and the District of Columbia using the Health and Activities Limitation Index (HALex). We also(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the health status and risk indicator trends in a representative sample of US health care workers aged 45 years and older. METHODS Using pooled data from the 1997 to 2009 National Health Interview Survey, logistic regression analyses were performed to determine whether age-group specific morbidity risks differed within occupational(More)
OBJECTIVES To provide an overview of the health status of young US workers across four domains: functional health, physical and psychological health, health behavior, and health care utilization. METHODS Pooled data from the 2004 to 2010 National Health Interview Survey were analyzed for 11,279 US workers aged 18 to 24 years, representing an estimated(More)
OBJECTIVES Through use of a nationally representative database, we examined the variability in both self-rated health and overall mortality risk within occupations across the National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) Industry Sectors, as well as between the occupations within the NORA Industry sectors. METHODS Using multiple waves of the National(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of sociodemographic factors on mindfulness practices. METHODS National Health Interview Survey Alternative Medicine Supplement data were used to examine sociodemographic predictors of engagement in meditation, yoga, tai chi, and qigong. RESULTS Greater education was associated with mindfulness practices (odds ratio [OR],(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess nutrient intake according to dietary guidelines among US worker groups. METHODS Participants of 1999 to 2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey completed two 24-hour recall dietary interviews to assess daily intake of protein, carbohydrate, fat, cholesterol, calcium, sodium, and fiber. Employed participants (n = 8987)(More)
INTRODUCTION Many US workers are increasingly delaying retirement from work, which may be leading to an increase in chronic disease at the workplace. We examined the association of older adults' health status with their employment/occupation and other characteristics. METHODS National Health Interview Survey data from 1997 through 2011 were pooled for(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore cardiovascular fitness in 40 occupations using a nationally representative sample of the US population. METHODS Respondents aged 18 to 49 years (N = 3354) from the 1999 to 2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were evaluated for cardiovascular fitness and classified into low, moderate, and high levels. Comparisons were(More)