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The cells that are normally fated to form notochord occupy a region at the rostral tip of the primitive streak at late gastrula/early neurula stages of avian and mammalian development. If these cells are surgically removed from avian embryos in culture, a notochord will nonetheless form in the majority of cases. The origin of this reconstituted notochord(More)
The notochord normally arises from committed cells in the rostral tip of the primitive streak. After removal of these cells from the avian gastrula, embryos with notochords nevertheless develop in the majority of cases. A region required for the formation of this reconstituted notochord lies lateral to the primitive streak. In the present study we have(More)
Previous studies on neural induction have identified regionally localized inducing activities, signaling molecules, potential competence factors and various other features of this important, early differentiation event. In this paper, we have developed an improved model system for analyzing neural induction and patterning using transverse blastoderm(More)
GEISHA (Gallus Expression In Situ Hybridization Analysis; http://geisha.arizona.edu) is an in situ hybridization gene expression and genomic resource for the chicken embryo. This update describes modifications that enhance its utility to users. During the past 5 years, GEISHA has undertaken a significant restructuring to more closely conform to the data(More)
Grafting a met-mesencephalic portion of neural tube from a 9.5-day mouse embryo into the prosencephalon of a 2-day chick embryo results in the induction of chick En-2 (ChickEn) expression in cells in contact with the graft (Martinez et al., 1991). In this paper we investigate the possibility of Wnt-1 being one of the factors involved in En-2 induction.(More)
The engrailed gene has been identified in Drosophila as an important developmental gene involved in the control of segmentation. Here we describe the embryonic expression of a chicken gene, ChickEn (Darnell et al.: J Cell Biol 103(5):311a, 1986), which contains homology to the Drosophila engrailed gene. Northern blots of early chick embryo tissue poly(A)+(More)
We investigated the role of vertical signals in the regulation of Engrailed-2, a regionally restricted (mesencephalon/metencephalon) neuroectodermal marker, using epiblast grafted from prospective neuroectoderm or prospective trunk mesoderm at mid-stage 3 in the gastrulating chick embryo. Grafts that were isolated from the rostral (prospective(More)
Notochord has been implicated in previous studies in both the dorsoventral and rostrocaudal patterning of the developing neural tube. This possibility has been further explored by analyzing the expression of Engrailed-2 in chick embryos developing with cranial notochord defects. Control embryos containing intact notochords expressed Engrailed-2 protein(More)
Transcription factors that are spatially and temporally restricted within the embryo may be used for dorsoventral and rostrocaudal positional information during development. The Engrailed-2 (En-2) gene is expressed across the mesencephalon/metencephalon (mes/met) boundary in the cerebellar primordium with strong dorsolateral expression and limited(More)
With sequencing of the chicken genome largely completed, significant effort is focusing on gene annotation, including acquiring information about the patterns of gene expression. The chicken embryo is ideally suited to provide detailed temporal and spatial expression information through in situ hybridization gene expression analysis in vivo. We have(More)