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Indirect evidence suggests that ATP is a neurotransmitter involved in inhibitory pathways in the neuromuscular junction in the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of this study was to characterize purinergic inhibitory neuromuscular transmission in the human colon. Tissue was obtained from colon resections for neoplasm. Muscle bath, microelectrode experiments,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To characterize the in vitro motor patterns and the neurotransmitters released by enteric motor neurons (EMNs) in the human sigmoid colon. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Sigmoid circular strips were studied in organ baths. EMNs were stimulated by electrical field stimulation (EFS) and through nicotinic ACh receptors. KEY RESULTS Strips(More)
The aim of the present work is to investigate a putative junction transmission [nitric oxide (NO) and ATP] in the human colon and to characterize the electrophysiological and mechanical responses that might explain different functions from both neurotransmitters. Muscle bath and microelectrode techniques were performed on human colonic circular muscle(More)
Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) has been recently proposed as a transmitter in the brain and peripheral tissues. Its role in the gastrointestinal tract is still unknown despite some data which suggest an involvement mediating smooth muscle relaxation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of this gas on intestinal segments from mouse jejunum and(More)
There is increasing evidence that adenosine 5'-triphosphate or a related purine plays a crucial role in smooth muscle relaxation and enteric synaptic neurotransmission. Accordingly, the aim of the present work is to investigate the role P2Y(1) receptors in purinergic inhibitory neurotransmission (pig ileum) and enteric neuronal activation in the small(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) and ATP mediate smooth muscle relaxation in the gastrointestinal tract. However, the involvement of these neurotransmitters in spontaneous neuronal activity is unknown. The aim of the present work was to study spontaneous neuromuscular transmission in the rat midcolon. Microelectrode experiments were performed under constant stretch both(More)
Purinergic and nitrergic co-transmission is the dominant mechanism responsible for neural-mediated smooth muscle relaxation in the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of the present paper was to test whether or not P2Y(1) receptors are involved in purinergic neurotransmission using P2Y(1)(−/−) knock-out mice. Tension and microelectrode recordings were performed(More)
BACKGROUND In the present study, we further characterize the purinergic receptors mediating the inhibitory junction potential (IJP) and smooth muscle relaxation in the human colon using a new, potent and selective agonist (MRS2365), and antagonists (MR2279 and MRS2500) of the P2Y(1) receptor. The P2Y(12) antagonist AR-C66096 was tested as well. Using this(More)
Interaction of different neuromyogenic mechanisms determines colonic motility. In rats, cyclic depolarizations and slow waves generate myogenic contractions of low frequency (LF) and high frequency (HF), respectively. Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) located near the submuscular plexus (SMP) generate slow waves. Inhibitory junction potential (IJP) consists(More)
BACKGROUND Pharmacological studies using selective P2Y(1) antagonists, such as MRS2500, and studies with P2Y(1)(-/-) knockout mice have demonstrated that purinergic neuromuscular transmission is mediated by P2Y(1) receptors in the colon. The aim of the present study was to test whether P2Y(1) receptors are involved in purinergic neurotransmission in the(More)