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Indirect evidence suggests that ATP is a neurotransmitter involved in inhibitory pathways in the neuromuscular junction in the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of this study was to characterize purinergic inhibitory neuromuscular transmission in the human colon. Tissue was obtained from colon resections for neoplasm. Muscle bath, microelectrode experiments,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hydrogen sulphide (H2 S) is an endogenous gaseous signalling molecule with putative functions in gastrointestinal motility regulation. Characterization of H2 S effects on colonic motility is crucial to establish its potential use as therapeutic agent in the treatment of colonic disorders. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH H2 S effects on(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To characterize the in vitro motor patterns and the neurotransmitters released by enteric motor neurons (EMNs) in the human sigmoid colon. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Sigmoid circular strips were studied in organ baths. EMNs were stimulated by electrical field stimulation (EFS) and through nicotinic ACh receptors. KEY RESULTS Strips(More)
The purine receptor involved in inhibitory responses in the gastrointestinal tract has been recently identified. P2Y1 receptor activation mediates the fast component of the inhibitory junction potential (IJPf) and the non-nitrergic relaxation. The aim of the present work has been to investigate which purinergic agonist better mimics endogenous responses. We(More)
BACKGROUND Neuro-transmission impairment could be associated to motility changes observed in patients with diverticular disease. Therefore, the objective was to characterize the inhibitory neuro-muscular transmission and gene expression changes of the enteric inhibitory pathways in patients with diverticulosis (DS). METHODS Circular muscle strips from(More)
Purinergic and nitrergic co-transmission is the dominant mechanism responsible for neural-mediated smooth muscle relaxation in the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of the present paper was to test whether or not P2Y(1) receptors are involved in purinergic neurotransmission using P2Y(1)(−/−) knock-out mice. Tension and microelectrode recordings were performed(More)
Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) has been recently proposed as a transmitter in the brain and peripheral tissues. Its role in the gastrointestinal tract is still unknown despite some data which suggest an involvement mediating smooth muscle relaxation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of this gas on intestinal segments from mouse jejunum and(More)
AIM Myocardial stretching is an arrhythmogenic factor. Optical techniques and mechanical uncouplers are used to study the mechanoelectric feedback. The aim of this study is to determine whether the mechanical uncouplers 2,3-butanedione monoxime and Blebbistatin hinder or modify the electrophysiological effects of acute mechanical stretch. METHODS The(More)
The aim of the present work is to investigate a putative junction transmission [nitric oxide (NO) and ATP] in the human colon and to characterize the electrophysiological and mechanical responses that might explain different functions from both neurotransmitters. Muscle bath and microelectrode techniques were performed on human colonic circular muscle(More)
There is increasing evidence that adenosine 5'-triphosphate or a related purine plays a crucial role in smooth muscle relaxation and enteric synaptic neurotransmission. Accordingly, the aim of the present work is to investigate the role P2Y(1) receptors in purinergic inhibitory neurotransmission (pig ileum) and enteric neuronal activation in the small(More)