Diana Gallego

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Indirect evidence suggests that ATP is a neurotransmitter involved in inhibitory pathways in the neuromuscular junction in the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of this study was to characterize purinergic inhibitory neuromuscular transmission in the human colon. Tissue was obtained from colon resections for neoplasm. Muscle bath, microelectrode experiments,(More)
The bark beetles species Tomicus destruens and T. piniperda constitute one of the main pests of European and Asian forests. T. destruens has been thought to be the same species as T. piniperda by some authors. A rapid PCR-based method using internal transcribed spacers (ITS1 and ITS2) of the ribosomal DNA has been developed in order to identifying these two(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To characterize the in vitro motor patterns and the neurotransmitters released by enteric motor neurons (EMNs) in the human sigmoid colon. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Sigmoid circular strips were studied in organ baths. EMNs were stimulated by electrical field stimulation (EFS) and through nicotinic ACh receptors. KEY RESULTS Strips(More)
Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) has been recently proposed as a transmitter in the brain and peripheral tissues. Its role in the gastrointestinal tract is still unknown despite some data which suggest an involvement mediating smooth muscle relaxation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of this gas on intestinal segments from mouse jejunum and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The role of hydrogen sulphide (H₂S) as a putative endogenous signalling molecule in the gastrointestinal tract has not yet been established. We investigated the effect of D,L-propargylglycine (PAG), an inhibitor of cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE), amino-oxyacetic acid (AOAA) and hydroxylamine (HA), inhibitors of cystathionine β-synthase(More)
BACKGROUND In the present study, we further characterize the purinergic receptors mediating the inhibitory junction potential (IJP) and smooth muscle relaxation in the human colon using a new, potent and selective agonist (MRS2365), and antagonists (MR2279 and MRS2500) of the P2Y(1) receptor. The P2Y(12) antagonist AR-C66096 was tested as well. Using this(More)
BACKGROUND Pharmacological studies using selective P2Y(1) antagonists, such as MRS2500, and studies with P2Y(1)(-/-) knockout mice have demonstrated that purinergic neuromuscular transmission is mediated by P2Y(1) receptors in the colon. The aim of the present study was to test whether P2Y(1) receptors are involved in purinergic neurotransmission in the(More)
Population surveys of the tiger beetle, Cicindela (Cephalota) deserticoloides, endemic to the few remaining salt steppes of southeastern Spain revealed only four extant colonies. DNA sequencing of some 1896 base pairs of mitochondrial DNA for one specimen each from three populations revealed only a single base pair change confined to a single of the three(More)
The aim of the present work is to investigate a putative junction transmission [nitric oxide (NO) and ATP] in the human colon and to characterize the electrophysiological and mechanical responses that might explain different functions from both neurotransmitters. Muscle bath and microelectrode techniques were performed on human colonic circular muscle(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism of action of the spasmolytic compound otilonium bromide (OB) on human colonic motility is not understood. The aim of our study was to characterize the pharmacological effects of OB on contractile patterns in the human sigmoid colon. METHODS Circular sigmoid strips were studied in organ baths. Isolated smooth muscle cells from(More)