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The activity of purified DT-diaphorase in the reduction of ubiquinone homologues of different side-chain length incorporated in uni- and multilamellar vesicles was determined. The direct relationship between the reduced state of ubiquinones and the inhibition of lipid autoxidation induced by thermolabile azocompounds was also demonstrated. Results(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) play critical roles in vascular pathophysiology and in hematological malignancies. VEGF is supposed to utilize ROS as messenger intermediates downstream of the VEGF receptor-2. NAD(P)H oxidase (Nox) family is a major source of cellular ROS and is implicated in increased ROS(More)
GLUT1 is the predominant glucose transporter in leukemia cells, and the modulation of glucose transport activity by cytokines, oncogenes or metabolic stresses is essential for their survival and proliferation. However, the molecular mechanisms allowing to control GLUT1 trafficking and degradation are still under debate. In this study we investigated whether(More)
The presence of the oxidized and reduced forms of ubiquinones Q(9) and Q(10) was determined in commercial extra virgin olive and seed oils, where the amounts of alpha- and gamma-tocopherols and beta-carotene were also quantitated. Very high concentrations of ubiquinones were found in soybean and corn oils. Furthermore, the total antioxidant capability of(More)
The experiments reported here were designed to test the hypothesis that the two-electron quinone reductase DT-diaphorase [NAD(P)H:(quinone-acceptor) oxidoreductase, EC 1.6.99.2] functions to maintain membrane-bound coenzyme Q (CoQ) in its reduced antioxidant state, thereby providing protection from free radical damage. DT-diaphorase was isolated and(More)
Doxorubicin (DOX) has not only chronic, but also acute toxic effects in the heart, ascribed to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Focusing on the DOX-induced early biochemical changes in rat cardiomyocytes, we demonstrated that lipid peroxidation is an early event, in fact conjugated diene production increased after 1-h DOX exposure, while(More)
Very strong medium effects have been observed when testing the antioxidant activity of dipyridamole (DP) in different media such as benzene, tert-butanol, methanol solutions and egg yolk lecithin unilamellar and multilamellar vesicles. Actually, dipyridamole behaves as a very poor antioxidant in benzene while its ability to inhibit the lipid peroxidation(More)
The antioxidant activity of ubiquinol homologues with different side-chain length such as ubiquinol-3 and ubiquinol-7 was compared with that of alpha-tocopherol when peroxidation was induced by the water-soluble initiator 2,2'-azobis-(2-amidinopropane hydrochloride). In large unilamellar vesicles containing equal amounts of alpha-tocopherol, ubiquinol-3 and(More)
The present study was undertaken to: (i) compare the effect of some hematopoietic growth factors, like interleukine-3, thrombopoietin, granulocyte-megakaryocyte colony-stimulating factor, stem cell factor, and reactive oxygen species such as H(2)O(2) on glucose uptake in a human leukemic megakaryocytic cell line, M07; (ii) investigate the changes in kinetic(More)
The discovery of superoxide-generating enzymes homologues of phagocytic NAD(P)H oxidase, the Nox family, has led to the concept that reactive oxygen species (ROS) are 'intentionally' generated with biological functions in various cell types. In this study, by treating an acute leukaemic cell line with different antioxidants, ROS generation was shown to be(More)