Diana Fiorentini

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The presence of the oxidized and reduced forms of ubiquinones Q(9) and Q(10) was determined in commercial extra virgin olive and seed oils, where the amounts of alpha- and gamma-tocopherols and beta-carotene were also quantitated. Very high concentrations of ubiquinones were found in soybean and corn oils. Furthermore, the total antioxidant capability of(More)
The activity of purified DT-diaphorase in the reduction of ubiquinone homologues of different side-chain length incorporated in uni- and multilamellar vesicles was determined. The direct relationship between the reduced state of ubiquinones and the inhibition of lipid autoxidation induced by thermolabile azocompounds was also demonstrated. Results(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) play critical roles in vascular pathophysiology and in hematological malignancies. VEGF is supposed to utilize ROS as messenger intermediates downstream of the VEGF receptor-2. NAD(P)H oxidase (Nox) family is a major source of cellular ROS and is implicated in increased ROS(More)
The recently demonstrated reliance of glycolytic cancer cells on trans-plasma membrane electron transport (tPMET) for survival raises the question of its suitability as a target for anticancer drug development. In this study, the effects of several new and known compounds on proliferation, tPMET activity and NAD(P)H intrinsic fluorescence in human(More)
The aim of this work was to investigate the role of cytosolic calcium and calmodulin-dependent systems in the activation of glucose uptake in the human megakaryocytic cell line M07e. Glucose uptake was significantly raised by elevation of cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](c)) with thapsigargin, this effect being additive to the activation induced by(More)
We have evaluated the effects of a diet containing normal amounts of lipids and a marginal content of vitamin B6 on lipid peroxidation. Pyridoxal phosphate concentrations of plasma and liver indicated that an initial deficiency state was reached. Vitamin B6 deficiency led to peroxidative stress: TBARS production was higher in the liver (+18.6%) and even(More)
GLUT1 is the predominant glucose transporter in leukemia cells, and the modulation of glucose transport activity by cytokines, oncogenes or metabolic stresses is essential for their survival and proliferation. However, the molecular mechanisms allowing to control GLUT1 trafficking and degradation are still under debate. In this study we investigated whether(More)
The present study was undertaken to: (i) compare the effect of some hematopoietic growth factors, like interleukine-3, thrombopoietin, granulocyte-megakaryocyte colony-stimulating factor, stem cell factor, and reactive oxygen species such as H(2)O(2) on glucose uptake in a human leukemic megakaryocytic cell line, M07; (ii) investigate the changes in kinetic(More)
The aim of this study was to obtain a quantification of the antioxidant activity of ubiquinone. To this purpose the oxidation of egg yolk phosphatidylcholine both in solvent and in liposomes initiated by an azocompound has been studied either in the absence or in the presence of ubiquinone-3, using alpha-tocopherol as a reference antioxidant. The two(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate oxidative cell injury in rat thymocytes under conditions of radical generation exterior to the cell utilizing the thermolabile azocompound 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride to generate peroxyl radicals at a constant and reproducible rate. This initiator, being water-soluble and endowed with a positive(More)