Diana Conte Camerino

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The enantiomers of 2-(p-chlorophenoxy)propionic acid (CPP) and of its analogs with substitutions on the asymmetric carbon atom were tested on human ClC-1 channel, the skeletal muscle chloride channel, after heterologous expression in Xenopus laevis oocytes, to gain insight in the mechanism of action of these stereoselective modulators of macroscopic(More)
No clear data is available about functional alterations in the calcium-dependent excitation-contraction (e-c) coupling mechanism of dystrophin-deficient muscle of mdx mice. By means of the intracellular microelectrode "point" voltage clamp method, we measured the voltage threshold for contraction (mechanical threshold; MT) in intact extensor digitorum(More)
In the present work, we have investigated the effects of the aging process on Ca2+-activated K+ channels (KCa2+) of rat skeletal muscle fibres. KCa2+ channels of adult (5-7 months old) and aged (24-26 months old) rats were surveyed by the patch-clamp technique. In aged rats, KCa2+ channels were routinely detected on the surface membrane of the fibres in(More)
The role of voltage-gated sodium channels in the transmission of neuropathic pain is well recognized. For instance, genetic evidence recently indicate that the human Nav1.7 sodium channel subtype plays a crucial role in the ability to perceive pain sensation and may represent an important target for analgesic/anti-hyperalgesic drugs. In this study a newly(More)
The periodic paralysis (PP) are rare autosomal-dominant disorders associated to mutations in the skeletal muscle sodium, calcium, and potassium channel genes characterized by muscle fiber depolarization with un-excitability, episodes of weakness with variations in serum potassium concentrations. Recent advances in thyrotoxic PP and hypokalemic PP (hypoPP)(More)
Changes in gravitational force such as that experienced by astronauts during space flight induce a redistribution of fluids from the caudad to the cephalad portion of the body together with an elimination of normal head-to-foot hydrostatic pressure gradients. To assess brain gene profile changes associated with microgravity and fluid shift, a large-scale(More)
Aminoglycosides force read through of premature stop codon mutations and introduce new mutation-specific gene-corrective strategies in Duchenne muscular dystrophy. A chronic treatment with gentamicin (32 mg/kg/daily i.p., 8-12 weeks) was performed in exercised mdx mice with the dual aim to clarify the dependence on dystrophin of the functional, biochemical(More)
The hindlimb unloading (HU) rat is a model of muscle disuse characterized by atrophy and slow-to-fast phenotype transition of the postural muscles, such as the soleus. We previously found that the resting sarcolemmal chloride conductance (gCl) that is typically lower in slow-twitch myofibers than in fast ones increased in soleus fibers following 1 to 3(More)
Acetazolamide is a thiazide derivative clinically used in skeletal muscle disorders related to altered K+ homeostasis such as the periodic paralyses. The mechanism of action responsible for the therapeutic effects of the drug is still unknown, however. In the present work, we investigated the mechanism of action of acetazolamide in the K-deficient diet rat,(More)
We previously showed that the β-adrenoceptor modulators, clenbuterol and propranolol, directly blocked voltage-gated sodium channels, whereas salbutamol and nadolol did not (Desaphy et al., 2003), suggesting the presence of two hydroxyl groups on the aromatic moiety of the drugs as a molecular requisite for impeding sodium channel block. To verify such an(More)