Diana Conte Camerino

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A reduction of resting chloride conductance (GCl) and a decrease of the voltage threshold for contraction are observed during aging in rat skeletal muscle. The above alterations are also observed in muscle of adult rat after taurine depletion. As lower levels of taurine were found by others in aged rats compared to young rats, we tested the hypothesis that(More)
The enantiomers of 2-(p-chlorophenoxy)propionic acid (CPP) and of its analogs with substitutions on the asymmetric carbon atom were tested on human ClC-1 channel, the skeletal muscle chloride channel, after heterologous expression in Xenopus laevis oocytes, to gain insight in the mechanism of action of these stereoselective modulators of macroscopic(More)
 In the present work, we have investigated the effects of the aging process on Ca2+-activated K+ channels (KCa2+) of rat skeletal muscle fibres. KCa2+ channels of adult (5–7 months old) and aged (24–26 months old) rats were surveyed by the patch-clamp technique. In aged rats, KCa2+ channels were routinely detected on the surface membrane of the fibres in(More)
The effects of the enantiomers of mexiletine were tested on sodium currents of frog skeletal muscle fibers recorded by means of the three vaseline gap voltage clamp method and compared with the effects produced by tocainide enantiomers. The R-( − ) mexiletine produced a tonic block of the sodium current, elicited by single depolarizing test pulses from the(More)
The pharmacological action of taurine on skeletal muscle is to stabilize sarcolemma by increasing macroscopic conductance to Cl- (GCl), whereas a proposed physiological role for the amino acid is to modulate excitation-contraction coupling mechanism via Ca2+ availability. To get insight in the physiological role of taurine in skeletal muscle, the effects of(More)
CLC-K Cl(-) channels are selectively expressed in kidney and ear, where they are pivotal for salt homeostasis, and loss-of-function mutations of CLC-Kb produce Bartter's syndrome type III. The only ligand known for CLC-K channels is a derivative of the 2-p-chlorophenoxypropionic acid (CPP), 3-phenyl-CPP, which blocks CLC-Ka, but not CLC-Kb. Here we show(More)
No clear data is available about functional alterations in the calcium-dependent excitation-contraction (e-c) coupling mechanism of dystrophin-deficient muscle of mdx mice. By means of the intracellular microelectrode "point" voltage clamp method, we measured the voltage threshold for contraction (mechanical threshold; MT) in intact extensor digitorum(More)
Because ion channels are involved in many cellular processes, drugs acting on ion channels have long been used for the treatment of many diseases, especially those affecting electrically excitable tissues. The present review discusses the pharmacology of voltage-gated and neurotransmitter-gated ion channels involved in neurologic diseases, with emphasis on(More)
Changes in gravitational force such as that experienced by astronauts during space flight induce a redistribution of fluids from the caudad to the cephalad portion of the body together with an elimination of normal head-to-foot hydrostatic pressure gradients. To assess brain gene profile changes associated with microgravity and fluid shift, a large-scale(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The 2-propyl-1,4 benzoxazine (AM10) shows a peculiar behaviour in skeletal muscle, inhibiting or opening the ATP-sensitive K(+) (KATP) channel in the absence and presence of ATP, respectively. We focused on tissue selectivity and mechanism of action of AM10 by testing its effects on pancreatic KATP channels by means of both in vitro(More)