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BACKGROUND Negative biases in emotional processing are well recognised in people who are currently depressed but are less well described in those with a history of depression, where such biases may contribute to vulnerability to relapse. AIMS To compare accuracy, discrimination and bias in face emotion recognition in those with current and remitted(More)
BACKGROUND The neuroplastic pathway, which includes cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein 1 (CREB1), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and its receptor (neurotrophic tyrosine kinase receptor, type 2 [NTRK2]), plays a crucial role in the adaptation of brain to stress, and thus variations of these genes are plausible risk(More)
The yeast transcriptional activator ADR1 is required for expression of the glucose-repressible alcohol dehydrogenase gene (ADH2), as well as genes involved in glycerol metabolism. The N-terminal half of the ADR1 protein was shown to contain three separate transactivation domains, including one (TADI) that encompasses the zinc finger DNA-binding domain.(More)
Cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) gene (CNR1) knockout mice are prone to develop anhedonic and helpless behavior after chronic mild stress. In humans, the CB1 antagonist rimonabant increases the risk of depressed mood disorders and anxiety. These studies suggest the hypothesis that genetic variation in CB1 receptor function influences the risk of depression in(More)
This study investigated the relationship between depressive symptom response during tryptophan (TRP) depletion and a functional polymorphism of the promoter region of the serotonin (5-HT) transporter gene (SLC6A4).(1) Forty-three subjects in remission from a major depressive episode who underwent TRP depletion were genotyped. DNA was extracted from blood(More)
cDNA clones encoding the fatty-acid- biosynthetic enzyme NADPH-linked 3-oxoacyl-(acyl carrier protein) (ACP) reductase were isolated from a Brassica napus (rape) developing seed library and from an Arabidopsis thaliana (thale cress) leaf library. The N-terminal end of the coding region shows features typical of a stromal-targeting plastid-transit peptide.(More)
The yeast transcriptional activator ADR1, which is required for ADH2 and peroxisomal gene expression, contains four separable and partially redundant activation domains (TADs). Mutations in ADA2 or GCN5, encoding components of the ADA coactivator complex involved in histone acetylation, severely reduced LexA-ADR1-TAD activation of a LexA-lacZ reporter gene.(More)
OBJECTIVES Hopelessness is one of the strongest risk factors for suicidal behavior but relevant genetic studies are poorly available. Tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) is widely considered to be a good candidate for genetic association studies on depression and suicide, however, investigations on these complex, multifactorial phenotypes have resulted in(More)
The 7-repeat allele of the dopamine receptor D4 gene (DRD4) and the 10 repeat allele of the dopamine transporter gene (DAT1) have shown association and linkage with symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in childhood. The parents of ADHD children (clinic group, n = 80 fathers and 107 mothers) and control children (control group, n = 42(More)
In animal models endogenous cannabinoids have an inhibitory effect on trigeminovascular activation through the cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1), although there is no evidence of the potential role of CB1 in human migraine. In this study we applied single marker association and haplotypic trend regression analysis to investigate the relationship between the CB1(More)