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How membrane receptors initiate signal transduction upon ligand binding is a matter of intense scrutiny. The T cell receptor complex (TCR-CD3) is composed of TCR alpha/beta ligand binding subunits bound to the CD3 subunits responsible for signal transduction. Although it has long been speculated that TCR-CD3 may undergo a conformational change, confirmation(More)
The number of possible T cell activation outcomes resulting from T cell receptor (TCR) engagement suggests that the TCR is able to differentially activate a myriad of signaling pathways depending on the nature of the stimulus. The complex structural organization of the TCR itself could underlie this diversity of responses. Assembly and stoichiometric(More)
Most mechanisms of cell development, physiology, and signal transduction are controlled by protein-protein interactions. Immunoprecipitation of multiprotein complexes detected by flow cytometry (IP-FCM) is a means to quantitatively measure these interactions. The high sensitivity of this method makes it useful even when very little biomaterial is available(More)
The T cell receptor (TCR) can recognize a variety of cognate peptide/major histocompatibility complex (pMHC) ligands and translate their affinity into distinct cellular responses. To achieve this, the nonsignaling alphabeta heterodimer communicates ligand recognition to the CD3 signaling subunits by an unknown mechanism. In thymocytes, we found that both(More)
Triggering of the T-cell receptor (TCR) can produce very different responses, depending on the nature of the major histocompatibility complex/antigen peptide (MHCp) ligand. The molecular mechanisms that permit such fine discrimination are still unknown. We show here that an epitope in the cytoplasmic tail of the TCR CD3epsilon subunit, recognized by(More)
The CD3epsilon proline-rich sequence (PRS) binds to the cytosolic adaptor molecule Nck after TCR ligation. It has been proposed that this interaction is essential for immunological synapse formation and T cell activation. To assess the physiological importance of the CD3epsilon PRS, we have generated mice that lack this motif (CD3epsilon.PRS(M)). Pull-down(More)
The role of microtubules (MTs) in the control and dynamics of the immune synapse (IS) remains unresolved. Here, we show that T cell activation requires the growth of MTs mediated by the plus-end specific protein end-binding 1 (EB1). A direct interaction of the T cell receptor (TCR) complex with EB1 provides the molecular basis for EB1 activity promoting TCR(More)
TCR engagement by peptide-MHC class I (pMHC) ligands induces a conformational change (Deltac) in CD3 (CD3Deltac) that contributes to T cell signaling. We found that when this interaction took place between primary T lineage cells and APCs, the CD8 coreceptor was required to generate CD3Deltac. Interestingly, neither enhancement of Ag binding strength nor(More)
CD33 (Siglec-3) is expressed on most acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells and is currently being exploited as a therapeutic target. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression pattern and potential utility of the seven recently described CD33-related siglecs as markers in AML. Besides CD33, Siglec-9 was the most highly expressed, particularly(More)
The relocation of kinases in T lymphocytes during their cognate interaction with APCs is essential for lymphocyte activation. We found that the proline-rich tyrosine kinase-2 (Pyk2) is rapidly translocated to the T cell-APC contact area upon T cell-specific recognition of superantigen-pulsed APCs. Stimulation with anti-CD3-coated latex microspheres was(More)