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We have investigated the effects of omega-CmTX MVIIC on the recombinant alpha 1B-mediated calcium channel expressed in HEK 293 cells and on the predominantly N-type calcium channel in chick synaptosomes. omega-CmTX MVIIC potently and reversibly inhibited the calcium current through alpha 1B-mediated calcium channels and inhibited KCl-evoked increases in(More)
The presynaptic terminals of skate (Raja montagui) electric organ were tested for their sensitivity to calcium channel antagonists. Acetylcholine (ACh) release and the elevation of intraterminal Ca2+ concentrations triggered by K+ depolarisation were studied. ACh release was measured as 3H efflux from slices of organ prelabelled with [3H]choline.(More)
Release of acetylcholine (ACh) from the presynaptic terminals in skate electric organ was tested for its sensitivity to calcium channel antagonists. A pharmacological profile was established by measuring inhibition of K(+)-stimulated release of [3H]ACh from prelabelled tissue slices. Peptide antagonists of N-type (omega-conotoxins GVIA and MVIIA) and P-type(More)
The human alpha 1B-1 alpha 2b beta 1-2 Ca2+ channel was stably expressed in HEK293 cells producing a human brain N-type voltage-dependent calcium channel (VDCC). Whole cell voltage-clamp electrophysiology and fura-2 based microfluorimetry have been used to study its characteristics. Calcium currents (ICa) recorded in transfected HEK293 cells were activated(More)
The effect of various blockers of voltage operated calcium channels (VOCCs) was studied on the non-inactivating, plateau phase of KCl-induced intracellular free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) elevation in rat cortical and chicken forebrain synaptosomes. In chicken synaptosomes, omega-CgTx GVIA (0.1 nM to 1 microM) and omega-CgTx MVIIA (0.1 nM to 1 microM), both selective(More)
Using single-cell imaging, we investigated developmental changes in the modulation of KCl-evoked Ca2+ entry by various voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels and the coupling of these channels to exocytosis in cultured cerebellar granule neurons. A component of the KCl-evoked Ca2+ elevation sensitive to nifedipine and localized at cell somata, decreases with(More)
The effects of forskolin, an activator of adenylate cyclase, on the release of vasopressin from isolated rat neurointermediate lobes during a 10 min period of potassium stimulation were investigated. Forskolin was added 5 min after the onset of potassium stimulation. A concentration-dependent reduction in the amount of hormone released during the remaining(More)
Calmodulin was isolated as an electrophoretically homogeneous protein from bovine posterior pituitary glands. The yield indicated that this gland is a particularly rich source. Purified bovine posterior pituitary calmodulin and bovine brain calmodulin had identical electrophoretic mobilities on 10% and 12% polyacrylamide gels. The protein was further(More)
The National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth (NAEHCY) is the voice and social conscience for the education of children and youth experiencing homelessness. service providers to ensure school enrollment and attendance and overall success for children and youth whose lives have been disrupted by the lack of safe, permanent, and(More)