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Norepinephrine-rich cell suspensions, prepared from the locus coeruleus region of rat fetuses, were grafted bilaterally into the hippocampus of rats made hypersensitive to hippocampal kindling by a neurotoxic lesion of the central catecholamine system. The animals with grafts showed a marked suppression of the onset and progression of kindling-induced(More)
The cerebrovascular effects of converting enzyme inhibition were examined in normotensive and hypertensive rats. Cerebral blood flow was measured using the intracarotid 133xenon injection method in halothane/nitrous oxide anaesthetized animals. The main finding was that following intravenous administration of captopril (10 mg/kg), cerebral blood flow(More)
The effect of hippocampal kindling on neuronal and glial marker proteins was studied in the rat by immunochemical methods. In hippocampus, pyriform cortex and amygdala there was an increase in glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), indicating reactive gliosis, and an increase in the glycolytic enzyme NSE, suggesting increased anaerobic metabolism. Neuronal(More)
The presence of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in extrarenal tissues, namely the vascular wall and brain tissue, is well established. The availability of effective blocking agents, converting-enzyme inhibitors, has made it possible to further elucidate important functions of the extrarenal RAS. We have found that the angiotensin converting-enzyme(More)
The cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral oxygen consumption (CMRO2) in the rat during normocapnia and hypercapnia were investigated by means of the intraarterial 133Xenon injection technique; measurements were performed during normocapnia and hypercapnia and the effect of propranolol upon CBF and CMRO2 was studied. The CBF technique applied to rat yield(More)
Tomographic maps of local cerebral blood flow (CBF) were obtained with xenon-133 and with isopropyl-amphetamine-iodine-123 (IMP) in 11 subjects: one normal, two tumor cases, and eight cerebrovascular cases. A highly sensitive four-face, rapidly rotating, single-photon emission tomograph was used. The Xe-133 flow maps are essentially based on the average(More)
The effect of stimulation of the cervical sympathetic ganglia on the upper limit of cerebral blood flow (CBF) autoregulation was studied in normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) following intravenous administration of the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor captopril (10 mg/kg). CBF was measured using the(More)
The ethanol withdrawal syndrome in man and animals is characterized by signs of CNS hyperactivity although a direct measurement of a physiological variable reflecting this CNS hyperactivity has never been performed in untreated man or in animals. We induced ethanol dependence in the rat by means of intragastric intubation with a 20% w/v ethanol solution,(More)
The influence of insulin on unidirectional flux of glucose across the blood-brain barrier and on net uptake of glucose by the brain was investigated in seven fasting patients. The unidirectional extraction, E, of [14C]D-glucose was determined using 36Cl- as an intravascular reference, by the indicator dilution method. 0.4 U insulin/kg body wt was infused(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The aim of the study was to selectively examine the effects of converting enzyme inhibition on the large brain arteries by using concomitant inhibition of carbonic anhydrase to cause severe dilatation of mainly parenchymal resistance vessels. METHODS Cerebral blood flow was measured using the xenon-133 injection technique in three(More)