Diana B. Petitti

Sharon L. Harlan4
Valerie C Crooks3
4Sharon L. Harlan
3Valerie C Crooks
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BACKGROUND Most heat-related deaths occur in cities, and future trends in global climate change and urbanization may amplify this trend. Understanding how neighborhoods affect heat mortality fills an important gap between studies of individual susceptibility to heat and broadly comparative studies of temperature-mortality relationships in cities. (More)
BACKGROUND 'Mammography' (screening for breast cancer by X-ray examination) came to be widely-although not universally-accepted in the 1980s when a number of clinical trials demonstrated a substantial reduction in risk. Early detection, before the disease spread, permitted therapy that was simultaneously less invasive and more effective. Questions that(More)
BACKGROUND Many types of research on dementia and cognitive impairment require large sample sizes. Detailed in-person assessment using batteries of neuropyschologic testing is expensive. This study evaluates whether a brief telephone cognitive assessment strategy can reliably classify cognitive status when compared to an in-person "gold-standard" clinical(More)
Most screening tests of cognitive functioning require face to face administration by trained examiners. This limits their utility in epidemiology and in primary care settings. Further, existing screening tests have not been developed using established psychometric principles. We adapted the Telephone Interview of Cognitive Status-modified (TICSm) for(More)
In this study we characterized the relationship between temperature and mortality in central Arizona desert cities that have an extremely hot climate. Relationships between daily maximum apparent temperature (ATmax) and mortality for eight condition-specific causes and all-cause deaths were modeled for all residents and separately for males and females ages(More)
Computer simulations have been used to model infectious diseases to examine the outcomes of alternative strategies for managing their spread. Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) skin and soft tissue infections have become prominent in many communities and efforts are underway to reduce the spread of this organism both in hospitals and(More)
Global cognitive screening tests are increasingly used in clinical and research settings. However, many have not been developed following systematic psychometric principles; thus, construct validity is not clearly defined. It is the aim of this study to identify the cognitive domains that are associated with the total score from the Telephone Interview for(More)
BACKGROUND Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most prevalent movement disorder of the central nervous system, and affects more than 6.3 million people in the world. The characteristic motor features include tremor, bradykinesia, rigidity, and impaired postural stability. Current therapy based on augmentation or replacement of dopamine is designed to improve(More)
BACKGROUND Prior research shows that work in agriculture and construction/extraction occupations increases the risk of environmental heat-associated death. PURPOSE To assess the risk of environmental heat-associated death by occupation. METHODS This was a case-control study. Cases were heat-caused and heat-related deaths occurring from May-October(More)
BACKGROUND Extreme heat is a public health challenge. The scarcity of directly comparable studies on the association of heat with morbidity and mortality and the inconsistent identification of threshold temperatures for severe impacts hampers the development of comprehensive strategies aimed at reducing adverse heat-health events. OBJECTIVES This(More)