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Glucocorticoid excess induces hyperglycemia, which may result in diabetes. The present experiments explored whether glucocorticoids trigger apoptosis in insulin-secreting cells. Treatment of mouse beta-cells or INS-1 cells with the glucocorticoid dexamethasone (0.1 micromol/l) over 4 days in cell culture increased the number of fractionated nuclei from 2 to(More)
Glucocorticoids blunt insulin release, an effect partially due to activation of Kv channels. Similar to those channels Na+/K+ ATPase activity repolarizes the plasma membrane. The present study explored whether glucocorticoids increase the Na+/K+ ATPase activity in pancreatic beta-cells. The glucocorticoid dexamethasone (100 nmol/l for 1 day) significantly(More)
Appropriate insulin secretion depends on beta-cell mass that is determined by the balance between cell proliferation and death. IGF-1 stimulates proliferation and protects against apoptosis. In contrast, glucocorticoids promote cell death. In this study we examined molecular interactions of the glucocorticoid dexamethasone (dexa) with IGF-1 signalling(More)
Excess salt intake decreases peripheral glucose uptake, thus impairing glucose tolerance. Stimulation of cellular glucose uptake involves phosphatidylinositide-3-kinase (PI-3K)-dependent activation of protein kinase B/Akt. A further kinase downstream of PI-3K is serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase (SGK)1, which is upregulated by mineralocorticoids(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelial cell injury mediated by activated polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMN) occurs during inflammation or reperfusion after brain ischemia. Protein oxidation caused by activated PMN may lead to functional disturbances, degeneration and death of the endothelial cells. The aim of this study was to detect protein oxidation in endothelial cells(More)
Based on the finding that reactive oxygen species (ROS) play important roles in mediating proinflammatory cytokine production (e.g. TNF alpha) and that many plant extracts contain substances with antioxidant properties, we examined the antiinflammatory action of a green barley extract, commercially available as "Natural SOD". The results obtained in this(More)
A green barley extract commercialized as an antiinflammatory product under the name of "Natural SOD" was fractionated based on the molecular weights principle. Knowing that the TNF alpha cytokine plays an important role in inducing inflammatory phenomena, by the use of two determination methods (ELISA and cytotoxicity), the fractions obtained were analysed(More)
Angiotensin II has previously been shown to trigger fibrosis, an effect involving connective tissue growth factor (CTGF). The signaling pathways linking angiotensin II to CTGF formation are, however, incompletely understood. A gene highly expressed in fibrosing tissue is the serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase SGK1. The present study explored whether(More)
Our studies target alternative/adjuvant therapies in allergic diseases, able to qualitatively/quantitatively modify cytokine profiles produced by both CD4+ T-cell subsets (mainly Th1 and Th2) and B-cells, macrophages, etc. Current investigations aim to identify compounds capable to down-regulate IL-10 as an exponent of Th2 cell function and, consequently,(More)
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