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OBJECTIVE Normalisation of aortic root and cusp configuration is a prerequisite for successful aortic valve repair (AVR). Using transthoracic echocardiography, we studied aortic root dimensions relative to body size in normal subjects and AVR patients. METHODS Aortic roots of healthy volunteers (n=130, age 27.9 ± 16.9 years) were examined for(More)
OBJECTIVE Bicuspid aortic valve anatomy is associated with aortic root aneurysm in a relevant proportion of patients. These patients require root replacement for prognostic reasons, and the valve may be preserved. The objective of this analysis is to analyze the early and late outcomes of root remodeling for bicuspid aortic valve. METHODS Between November(More)
BACKGROUND Currently, isolated reconstruction of a regurgitant bicuspid aortic valve can be performed with adequate early results. Dilatation of the proximal aorta is known to be associated with this valve anomaly and may be partially responsible for the development of primary regurgitation or secondary failure of valve repair. We have used repair of the(More)
BACKGROUND Residual/recurrent mitral valve regurgitation is observed in 30% after undersized ring annuloplasty (RING) for ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR). RING addresses primarily annular dilatation but does not correct severe leaflet tethering attributable to papillary muscle (PM) displacement. We proposed adjunctive PM repositioning under(More)
BACKGROUND For aortic dilatation with morphologically intact leaflets, valve-preserving aortic replacement has become an accepted treatment modality. Leaflet prolapse, however, may be present, making composite replacement the most frequent choice. Alternatively, valve preservation may be combined with correction of leaflet prolapse. The results of this(More)
Quadricuspid aortic valves represent an uncommon congenital abnormality. Patients may have aortic regurgitation and become symptomatic at a younger age than patients with other types of aortic valve anatomy. We report 3 patients who underwent successful repair by tricuspidization of the aortic valve.
OBJECTIVE In aortic valve regurgitation and aortic dilatation, preservation of the aortic valve is possible by means of root remodeling (Yacoub procedure) or valve reimplantation (David procedure). In vivo studies suggest that reimplantation might substantially influence aortic valve-motion characteristics. Evaluation of aortic valve movement in vivo,(More)
The regulation of acetylation is central for the epigenetic control of lineage-specific gene expression and determines cell fate decisions. We provide evidence that the inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDACs) blocks the endothelial differentiation of adult progenitor cells. To define the mechanisms by which HDAC inhibition prevents endothelial(More)
OBJECTIVE Aortic valve replacement for aortic regurgitation (AR) has been established as a standard treatment but implies prosthesis-related complications. Aortic valve repair is an alternative approach, but its mid- to long-term results still need to be defined. METHODS Over a 12-year period, 640 patients underwent aortic valve repair for regurgitation(More)