Learn More
OBJECTIVE Technical controversies exist in valve-preserving aortic root replacement. We sought to determine predictors of long-term stability of the aortic valve. METHODS A total of 430 patients (aged 57 ± 15 years, 323 male) underwent valve-preserving aortic root surgery (remodeling in 401, reimplantation in 29) between 1995 and 2009 and were followed(More)
Homeobox genes (Hox) encode for transcription factors, which regulate cell proliferation and migration and play an important role in the development of the cardiovascular system during embryogenesis. In this study, we investigated the role of HoxA9 for endothelial cell migration and angiogenesis in vitro and identified a novel target gene, the EphB4(More)
BACKGROUND Currently, isolated reconstruction of a regurgitant bicuspid aortic valve can be performed with adequate early results. Dilatation of the proximal aorta is known to be associated with this valve anomaly and may be partially responsible for the development of primary regurgitation or secondary failure of valve repair. We have used repair of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Normalisation of aortic root and cusp configuration is a prerequisite for successful aortic valve repair (AVR). Using transthoracic echocardiography, we studied aortic root dimensions relative to body size in normal subjects and AVR patients. METHODS Aortic roots of healthy volunteers (n=130, age 27.9 ± 16.9 years) were examined for(More)
OBJECTIVE Bicuspid aortic valve anatomy is associated with aortic root aneurysm in a relevant proportion of patients. These patients require root replacement for prognostic reasons, and the valve may be preserved. The objective of this analysis is to analyze the early and late outcomes of root remodeling for bicuspid aortic valve. METHODS Between November(More)
BACKGROUND Residual/recurrent mitral valve regurgitation is observed in 30% after undersized ring annuloplasty (RING) for ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR). RING addresses primarily annular dilatation but does not correct severe leaflet tethering attributable to papillary muscle (PM) displacement. We proposed adjunctive PM repositioning under(More)
BACKGROUND For aortic dilatation with morphologically intact leaflets, valve-preserving aortic replacement has become an accepted treatment modality. Leaflet prolapse, however, may be present, making composite replacement the most frequent choice. Alternatively, valve preservation may be combined with correction of leaflet prolapse. The results of this(More)
The regulation of acetylation is central for the epigenetic control of lineage-specific gene expression and determines cell fate decisions. We provide evidence that the inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDACs) blocks the endothelial differentiation of adult progenitor cells. To define the mechanisms by which HDAC inhibition prevents endothelial(More)