Diamandis Toutzaris

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We investigated the role of adhesion molecule VLA-4 in CD34+ blood stem-cell mobilization. Therefore, we examined 20 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) who were treated with the anti-VLA-4 antibody natalizumab. Treated patients had received a median number of 4 natalizumab infusions (range: 2-9 infusions). Blood samples were taken 4 weeks following the(More)
Calcium ions are involved in a plethora of cellular functions including cell death and mitochondrial energy metabolism. Store-operated Ca(2+) entry over the plasma membrane is activated by depletion of intracellular Ca(2+) stores and is mediated by the sensor STIM1 and the channel ORAI1. We compared cell death susceptibility to oxidative stress in STIM1(More)
GPR39 is a constitutively active orphan G-protein-coupled receptor capable of increasing serum response element-mediated transcription. We found GPR39 to be up-regulated in a hippocampal cell line resistant against diverse stimulators of cell death and show that its overexpression protects against oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum stress, as well as(More)
Oxidative glutamate toxicity in the neuronal cell line HT22 is a model for neuronal cell death by oxidative stress. In this model, extracellular glutamate blocks cystine uptake via the glutamate/cystine antiporter system x(c)(), eventually leading to depletion of the antioxidant glutathione and cell death. We used subtractive suppression hybridization and a(More)
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