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Three widely used methods to calculate the response functions for NaI(TI) detectors were investigated. The methods were Berger-Seltzer's method (Nucl. Instrum. Methods 104 (1972) 317), general Monte Carlo (MC) programs, such as EGS4 (The EGS4 code system, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, 1985) and MCNP4B (MCNP-a general Monte Carlo N-particle transport(More)
Nanostructured (NS) materials may have different irradiation resistance from their coarse-grained (CG) counterparts. In this review, we focus on the effect of grain boundaries (GBs)/interfaces on irradiation induced microstructure evolution and the irradiation tolerance of NS materials under irradiation. The features of void denuded zones (VDZs) and the(More)
The electrochemical deposition of metals on foreign substrates is a complex process which includes a number of phase formation phenomena. The first step of the electrodeposition of a metal(Me) on a foreign substrate(S) is the formation of single Me-adatoms. The adatom-substrate(Me-S) binding energy and the misfit between the crystal lattices of the foreign(More)
First principles calculations have been performed to energetically investigate the helium cluster nucleation, formation and growth behavior in the nano-structured ferritic alloy 14YWT. The helium displays strong affinity to the oxygen:vacancy (O:Vac) pair. By investigating various local environments of the vacancy, we find that the energy cost for He(More)
In this study, an MA957 oxide dispersion-strengthened (ODS) alloy was irradiated with high-energy ions in the Argonne Tandem Linac Accelerator System. Fe ions at an energy of 84 MeV bombarded MA957 tensile specimens, creating a damage region ~7.5 μm in depth; the peak damage (~40 dpa) was estimated to be at ~7 μm from the surface. Following the irradiation,(More)
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