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The COP9 signalosome (CSN) is a conserved protein complex with homologies to the lid subcomplex of the 26S proteasome. It promotes cleavage of the Nedd8 conjugate (deneddylation) from the cullin component of SCF ubiquitin ligases. We provide evidence that cullin neddylation and deneddylation is highly dynamic, that its equilibrium can be effectively(More)
The shotgun proteomic based on the approach of tandem mass tag (TMT) labeling has received increasing attention for neuroproteomics analysis and becomes an effective tool for the identification and quantification of a large number of proteins for the purpose of revealing key proteins involved in the neuronal dysfunction and an inflammatory response(More)
In monolayer group-VI transition metal dichalcogenides, charge carriers have spin and valley degrees of freedom, both associated with magnetic moments. On the other hand, the layer degree of freedom in multilayers is associated with electrical polarization. Here we show that transition metal dichalcogenide bilayers offer an unprecedented platform to realize(More)
Liouville's theorem on the conservation of phase-space volume is violated by Berry phase in the semiclassical dynamics of Bloch electrons. This leads to a modification of the phase-space density of states, whose significance is discussed in a number of examples: field modification of the Fermi-sea volume, connection to the anomalous Hall effect, and a(More)
We develop a theory of the Berry-phase effect in anomalous transport in ferromagnets driven by statistical forces such as the gradient of temperature or chemical potential. Here a charge Hall current arises from the Berry-phase correction to the orbital magnetization rather than from the anomalous velocity, which does not exist in the absence of a(More)
Nontypable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) and Haemophilus haemolyticus exhibit different pathogenicities, but to date, there remains no definitive and reliable strategy for differentiating these strains. In this study, we evaluated matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) as a potential method for(More)