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We report enhanced thermoelectric performance in SnTe, where significantly improved electrical transport properties and reduced thermal conductivity were achieved simultaneously. The former was obtained from a larger hole Seebeck coefficient through Fermi level tuning by optimizing the carrier concentration with Ga, In, Bi, and Sb dopants, resulting in a(More)
Rare gas containing cations with general formula [Rg, B, 2F](+) have been investigated theoretically by second-order Mo̸ller-Plesset perturbation, coupled cluster, and complete active space self-consistent field levels of theory with correlation-consistent basis sets. Totally two types of minima, i.e., boron centered C(2) (v) symmetried RgBF(2) (+) (Rg =(More)
Using ab initio calculations, the authors' predicted for the first time that the halogen-bonded complex FBrdelta+...delta+BrF and hydrogen-bonded complex FBrdelta+...delta+HF formed by the interactions between two positively charged atoms of different polar molecules can be stable in gas phase. It shows that halogen bond or hydrogen bond not only exists(More)
The interesting radical ion pair salts M(2)*(+)TCNQ*(-) (M=Li, Na, K) are a particular class of charge transfer complexes with excess electron. The ground states of these complexes are triplet. The C(2v) symmetry geometrical structures of the M(2)*(+)TCNQ*(-) (M=Li, Na, K) with all-real frequencies are obtained at the density functional theory (DFT)(More)
Superalkalies with low ionization potentials (IPs) can exhibit behaviors reminiscent of alkali atoms and hence be considered as potential building blocks for the assembly of novel nanostructured materials. A new series of binuclear superalkali cations M(2)Li(2k+1)(+) (M = F, O, N, C) has been studied using ab initio methods. The structural features of such(More)
A new compound with electride characteristics, Li@calix[4]pyrrole, is designed in theory. The Li atom in Li@calix[4]pyrrole is ionized to form a cation and an excess electron anion. Its structure with C(4v) symmetry resembles a cup-like shape. It may be a stable organic electride at room temperature. The first hyperpolarizability of the cup-like electride(More)
We report a greatly enhanced thermoelectric performance in a BiCuSeO system, realized by improving carrier mobility through modulation doping. The heterostructures of the modulation doped sample make charge carriers transport preferentially in the low carrier concentration area, which increases carrier mobility by a factor of 2 while maintaining the carrier(More)
The high carrier mobility of graphene makes it an attractive candidate for future electronic device applications.(1) In SiO2/Si-supported graphene devices, the mobility typically varies from 2000 to ∼2,0000 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1).(2) By removing SiO2,(3,4) much higher mobility (2 × 10(5) cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) in the latter) has been obtained, suggesting the(More)
As a lead-free material, GeTe has drawn growing attention in thermoelectrics, and a figure of merit (ZT) close to unity was previously obtained via traditional doping/alloying, largely through hole carrier concentration tuning. In this report, we show that a remarkably high ZT of ∼1.9 can be achieved at 773 K in Ge0.87Pb0.13Te upon the introduction of 3 mol(More)
To better understand the diverse mechanisms of spectral tuning operational in fluorescent proteins (FPs), we determined the 2.1-A X-ray structure of dsFP483 from the reef-building coral Discosoma. This protein is a member of the cyan class of Anthozoa FPs and exhibits broad, double-humped excitation and absorbance bands, with a maximum at 437-440 nm and a(More)