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BACKGROUND Whole body vibration may improve muscle and bone strength, power and balance although contradictory findings have been reported. Prolonged exposure may result in adverse effects. We investigated the effects of high (5.5 mm) and low (2.5mm) amplitude whole body vibration at various frequencies (5-30 Hz) on muscle activity and acceleration(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between changes in thickness and EMG activity in the transversus abdominis muscle of healthy subjects and the reliability of ultrasound measurements using different modes and transducers. DESIGN Convenience sampling. BACKGROUND Chronic low back pain is associated with transversus abdominis dysfunction but EMG(More)
This cross-sectional, prospective study aimed to produce normal reference data for measurements of the lumbar multifidus muscle. A total of 120 subjects, 68 females (aged 20-64 years) and 52 males (20-69 years) were studied. Bilateral transverse ultrasound images were made of multifidus at the fourth and fifth lumbar vertebrae (L4 & L5). Cross-sectional(More)
This cross-sectional and partial longitudinal study aimed to characterize changes in rectus abdominis (RA) and provide reference ranges for the first year postpartum. Ultrasound scanning was used at four stages postnatally to measure cross-sectional area (CSA), thickness, width (indirectly using a shape value) and inter-recti distance (IRD). One hundred and(More)
PURPOSE Muscle weakness may contribute to functional problems after stroke, but is rarely addressed during rehabilitation. Functional problems are commonly thought to be caused by abnormal movement patterns or possibly disuse atrophy. We investigated voluntary isometric strength, activation and the extent of co-contraction in the knee muscles during the(More)
Decreased steadiness of muscle force may be associated with ageing and could be a cause of falls in older people. We studied this in isometric and anisometric quadriceps contractions in healthy young and older people. The older group contained people with and without a history of medically unexplained falls. Forty-four young (aged 18–40 years) and 78 older(More)
Whole body vibration (WBV) has been suggested to elicit reflex muscle contractions but this has never been verified. We recorded from 32 single motor units (MU) in the vastus lateralis of 7 healthy subjects (34 ± 15.4 yr) during five 1-min bouts of WBV (30 Hz, 3 mm peak to peak), and the vibration waveform was also recorded. Recruitment thresholds were(More)
Measurements of muscle strength or size are valuable indicators of muscle status in health and disease. When force cannot be measured directly, due to a particular muscle being one of a functional group or because of pain, size measurements may be the only option. For such data to be useful, normal values for age and gender are necessary. Procedures for(More)
Inactivity and muscular adaptations following spinal cord injury (SCI) result in secondary complications such as cardiovascular disease, obesity, and pressure sores. Functional electrically stimulated (FES) cycling can potentially reduce these complications, but previous studies have provided inconsistent results. We studied the effect of intensive(More)
Slowing and loss of muscle power are major factors limiting physical performance but little is known about the molecular mechanisms involved. The slowing might be a consequence of slow detachment of cross bridges and, if this were the case, then a reduction in the ATP cost of an isometric contraction would be expected as the muscle fatigued. The human(More)