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Although schistosomiasis remains a serious health problem worldwide, significant achievements in schistosomiasis control has been made in the People's Republic of China. The disease has been eliminated in five out of 12 endemic provinces, and the prevalence in remaining endemic areas is very low and is heading toward elimination. A rapid and sensitive(More)
Infections with the intracellular protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii pose a serious public health problem and are of great economic importance worldwide. The parasite rhoptry protein 5 (ROP5) has been implicated as a major virulence factor that reduces the accumulation of immunity-related GTPases (IRG) in parasitophorous vacuole membrane (PVM), which(More)
Anisakiasis is a human disease caused by the accidental ingestion of larvae belonging to the family Anisakidae. Three fish species, the small yellow croaker Pseudosciaena polyactis, the mackerel Pneumatophorus japonicus and the hairtail Trichiurus haumela are important source for food products in the East China Sea. The prevalence and the identification of(More)
Schistosomiasis japonica (schistosomiasis) is a zoonosis that can seriously affect human health. At present, the immunodiagnostic assays for schistosomiasis detection are time-consuming and require well-trained personnel and special instruments, which can limit their use in the field. Thus, there is a pressing need for a simple and rapid immunoassay to(More)
Artesunate (ART) has high prophylactic efficacy against Schistosoma japonicum infections and has been used to treat and prevent schistosomiasis in China since 1995. However, the molecular mechanism of ART's effects on S. japonicum remains unclear. Herein, we applied isobaric tagging reagents for relative and absolute quantification analyses coupled with(More)
Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a zoonotic parasite that causes eosinophilic meningitis in humans. The most common source of infection with A. cantonensis is the consumption of raw or undercooked mollusks (e.g., snails and slugs) harbouring infectious third-stage larvae (L3). However, the parasite is difficult to identify in snails. The purpose of this study(More)
To evaluate a modified rapid ELISA method for detecting CAg during Toxoplasma gondii infection, we analyzed the specificity and sensitivity of the ELISA method by using experimental Toxoplasma infection in rabbits and also tested this method in human samples including 5428 serum, 548 cerebrospinal fluid and two breast milk samples. We prepared PcAb, and(More)
Toxoplasmosis is a widespread zoonotic parasitic disease that occurs in both animals and humans. Traditional molecular assays are often difficult to perform, especially for the early diagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii infections. Here, we established a novel loop-mediated isothermal amplification targeting the 529 bp repeat element (529 bp-LAMP) to detect T.(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish a simple and fast diagnostic assay for schistosomiasis. METHODS Based on the immunochromatographic technique and the principle of indirect assay of ELISA, using soluble egg antigen (SEA) of Schistosoma japonicum and mouse anti-human monoclonal antibody labelled with red latex as color developing agents, a latex immunochromatographic(More)
AIM miRNAs play a significant role in pharmacogenomics and are likely to be important in the molecular mechanism of atesunate (ART) effects on Schistosoma japonicum. METHODS We sequenced the RNAs using an Illumina (Solexa) DNA sequencer and compared the relative expression levels of the miRNAs in 10-day-old schistosomula from ART and the parallel control(More)