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While neural machine translation (NMT) is making good progress in the past two years, tens of millions of bilingual sentence pairs are needed for its training. However, human labeling is very costly. To tackle this training data bottleneck, we develop a dual-learning mechanism, which can enable an NMT system to automatically learn from unlabeled data(More)
A central problem in ranking is to design a ranking measure for evaluation of ranking functions. In this paper we study, from a theoretical perspective, the widely used Normalized Discounted Cumulative Gain (NDCG)-type ranking measures. Although there are extensive empirical studies of NDCG, little is known about its theoretical properties. We first show(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to quantify the trends in blood pressure (BP), and the prevalence, awareness, management, and control of hypertension in U.S. adults (≥20 years of age) from 1999 to 2010, and to assess the efficacy of current clinical measures in diagnosing and adequately treating hypertensive patients. BACKGROUND Hypertension is a(More)
—We propose a novel spectrum-sensing method for cognitive radio (CR) based on stochastic resonance (SR). The spectral power of primary users (PUs) can be amplified, and the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of a received signal can be increased using SR. This ensures that the detection probability of the proposed approach is higher than that of the traditional(More)
Sponsored search is an important monetization channel for search engines, in which an auction mechanism is used to select the ads shown to users and determine the prices charged from advertisers. There have been several pieces of work in the literature that investigate how to design an auction mechanism in order to optimize the revenue of the search engine.(More)
BACKGROUND Gambogic acid (GA) is a major active ingredient of gamboge, a widely used traditional Chinese medicine that has been reported to be a potent cytotoxic agent against some malignant tumors. Many studies have shown that the NF-kappa B signaling pathway plays an important role in anti-apoptosis and the drug resistance of tumor cells during(More)
Generalized Second Price (GSP) auctions are widely used by search engines today to sell their ad slots. Most search engines have supported the broad match between queries and bid keywords when executing the GSP auctions, however, it has been revealed that the GSP auction with the standard broad-match mechanism they are currently using (denoted as SBM-GSP)(More)