Diéter Janz

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Idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) is an inherited neurological disorder affecting about 0.4% of the world's population. Mutations in ten genes causing distinct forms of idiopathic epilepsy have been identified so far, but the genetic basis of many IGE subtypes is still unknown. Here we report a gene associated with the four most common IGE subtypes:(More)
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is the most frequent idiopathic generalized epilepsy syndrome. It is characterized by predominant myoclonic jerks of upper limbs, often provoked by cognitive activities, and typically responsive to treatment with sodium valproate. Neurophysiological, neuropsychological and imaging studies in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy have(More)
  • D Janz
  • Acta neurologica Scandinavica
  • 1985
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a special syndrome within the primary generalized epilepsies which is characterized clinically by irregular jerks of shoulders and arms (so-called impulsive petit mal) after awakening and electroencephalographically by bilateral-synchronous 4-6/s spike-wave complexes, often in the form of multispike-waves. The age of(More)
On neuropathological investigation of eight cases with primary generalized epilepsy, none showed elective parenchymal necrosis, which is regarded (qualitatively and topologically) as characteristic of epilepsy in classical neuropathology. In seven of the eight cases, however, marked microdysgenesis with varying regional distribution was found. These(More)
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a genetically determined common subtype of idiopathic generalized epilepsy. Linkage to the HLA complex on chromosome 6p21.3 and an allelic association with HLA-DR13 and -DQB1 alleles suggest that a susceptibility locus for JME, designated as "EJM1," is located within or near the HLA region. However, further studies(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of levetiracetam (LEV, Keppra) as add-on therapy in patients with refractory partial seizures. METHODS In this European multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, LEV (500 or 1,000 mg twice daily) was compared with placebo as add-on therapy in 324 patients with uncontrolled simple or(More)
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a distinct subform of idiopathic generalized epilepsy of adolescence. Linkage studies with Bf and serologic HLA markers in families of JME patients have shown a tight linkage on chromosome 6. We present a linkage analysis with HLA-DQ restriction fragment length polymorphisms on more extended families, paying particular(More)
PURPOSE To quantify the risks of intrauterine antiepileptic drug (AED) exposure in monotherapy and polytherapy. METHODS Data from five prospective European studies totaling 1,379 children were pooled and reanalyzed. Data were available for 1,221 children exposed to AED during pregnancy and for 158 children of unexposed control pregnancies. RESULTS(More)
All women with epilepsy who are of childbearing age should be advised (preferably before conception) that the incidence of malformations in infants of mothers with epilepsy who are treated with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) is two or three times that of infants of mothers without epilepsy. In addition, children of mothers with epilepsy, treated or untreated(More)
Genetic factors play a major role in the aetiology of idiopathic generalised epilepsies (IGEs). The present genome scan was designed to identify susceptibility loci that predispose to a spectrum of common IGE syndromes. Our collaborative study included 130 IGE-multiplex families ascertained through a proband with either an idiopathic absence epilepsy or(More)