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Neospora caninum is an apicomplexan parasite that is closely related to Toxoplasma gondii and has been found to be associated with neurological disorders in dogs and congenital infections and abortions in cattle. We have identified two surface proteins of 29 and 35 kDa (designated Ncp29 and Ncp35, respectively) from N. caninum tachyzoites that are the(More)
AIMS To test the effects of C : N : P ratio modification of a well-known nutrient medium formulation, the Endo formulation on biofilm formation by Enterobacter cloacae Ecl and Citrobacter freundii Cf1 in both single-species and binary species biofilms. METHODS AND RESULTS The C : N : P atom : atom ratio of a well-known nutrient medium formulation, the(More)
This study aimed to trace the dynamics of biofilm formation by vegetative cells and endospores of Bacillus cereus DL5 and Bacillus subtilis 168. Counts of B. cereus DL5 and B. subtilis 168 vegetative cells and spores either attached to glass wool or, correspondingly, planktonic cells were determined by standard plate-counting methods. Results from this(More)
Bacterial biofilm formation is the prevailing microbial lifestyle in natural and manmade environments and occurs on all surface types. Biofilm formation develops in several phases and is influenced by various parameters, both environmental and inherent to the attaching cell. Biofilms also serve as protective niches for particular pathogens when outside a(More)
AIMS Daily exposure to 100 p.p.m. chlorine dioxide of single species and binary biofilms of dairy-associated Bacillus cereus DL5 and Pseudomonas fluorescens M2, attached to stainless steel surfaces in a laboratory flow system, was studied. METHODS AND RESULTS Surfaces were sampled daily before and after sanitizer treatment and cells and spores dislodged(More)
Spore formation by a Bacillus strain (Bacillus subtilis SpoIVFB-GFP) engineered with a green fluorescent protein (GFP) fused to a polytopic membrane protein (SpoIVF) that fluoresces during sporulation was observed. Biofilms of B. subtilis SpoIVFB-GFP containing ca. 8 log CFU/ml vegetative cells and spores below the lower detection limit (i.e., <1 log CFU/(More)
This study evaluated a typical commercial yeast manufacturing process for bacterial contamination. Product line samples of a commercial yeast manufacturing process and the corresponding seed yeast manufacturing process were obtained upstream from the final compressed and dry yeast products. All samples were analysed before (non-PI) and after preliminary(More)
Bacillus species isolated from alkaline wash solutions used for cleaning in place in South African dairy factories have been suggested to contaminate product contact surfaces of dairy processing equipment and result in post-pasteurization spoilage of milk and milk products. Growth and attachment of such Bacillus isolates under alkaline and acidic conditions(More)
The biofilm proteome of a dairy-associated Bacillus cereus strain (B. cereus 5) was investigated. Biofilm biomass of sufficient concentration for 2D-PAGE was obtained by growing the culture in the presence of glass wool. B. cereus 5 readily attached to the glass wool and biofilms formed within 18 h. The biofilm proteome of whole-cell proteins revealed that(More)