Dhimiter V . Kraja

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Despite a recent decrease in the prevalence of HBsAg in the general population, Albania is still highly endemic for HBV infection. Genotype D is the most prevalent HBV strain in the Mediterranean area. We studied the prevalence and distribution of HBV genotypes and subgenotypes in a total of 73 HBsAg-positive patients living in Albania, and reconstructed(More)
Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is a systemic infectious disease caused by Hantaviruses and characterized by fevers, bleeding tendencies, gastrointestinal symptoms and renal failure. It encompasses a broad spectrum of clinical presentations, ranging from unapparent or mild illnesses to fulminant hemorrhagic processes. Among the various(More)
Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is a disease caused by viruses of the family Bunyaviridae, genus Hantavirus. HFRS from Dobrava virus (DOBV) is a seldom reported disease in Albania. Clinically HFRS is manifested as mild, moderate, or severe. Therefore, the number of cases of Hantavirus’ infection may be underestimated, and should be included in(More)
BACKGROUND Research on the effects of corticosteroids in bacterial meningitis (BM) yielded conflicting results. While some studies reveal that corticosteroids improve the outcomes in BM treatments, others provide strong evidence that patients do not profit from this treatment. We investigated the factors that may impact the dexamethasone efficacy in(More)
Since 1995 infectious syphilis has re-emerged in Albania. As syphilis has become more common, more unusual presentations are being recognized. We present a case of an HIV-negative man with primary syphilis presenting with multiple penile ulcers and negative rapid plasma reagin and Venereal Disease Research Laboratory tests. The case illustrates the(More)
This is a case-report of two patients with cerebral malaria (CM) imported from West-African countries. Notably, this form of malaria was developed as a second disease episode, while the first episode was experienced in West Africa. These findings suggest that the second episode of malaria was caused by a different strain of Plasmodium falciparum as compared(More)
UNLABELLED Albania is an attractive tourism destination with an increasing volume of travel. As a Mediterranean country some tropical infectious diseases are present in certain areas of Albania, including leptospirosis, which is a zoonotic infectious disease prevalent around the world. The goal of this retrospective study is to describe the ocular and(More)
Sphingomonas paucimobilis, is a yellow-pigmented, aerobic, non-fermentative, gram negative motile bacillus. S. paucimobilis which is widely found in nature and hospital environments rarely cause serious or life threatening infections. It’s rarely isolated from clinical specimens but it is associated with a great variety of infections in both healthy and(More)
We presently report the case of renal infarction in a 31 years old woman who represented in Surgical Emergency Department with severe right flank pain, nausea with 2-3 episodes of vomiting, high temperature and fatigue for over 3 days. She has had one episode with dark urine. On initial investigations including a total blood count, urinary analysis and(More)
The main factor that influences the high rates of morbidity and mortality within developing nations is diarrhoeal diseases. However, acute diarrhoeal diseases are also prevalent within nations that maintain high sanitary levels (1, 2). This has been attributed to an increase in acute gastrointestinal illnesses within Europe due to the identification of(More)