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In humans, the absence of Fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), an RNA-binding protein, results in Fragile X syndrome, the most common inherited form of intellectual disability. Using biochemical and electrophysiological studies, we found that FMRP binds to the C terminus of the Slack sodium-activated potassium channel to activate the channel in(More)
The outer hair cell lateral membrane motor, prestin, drives the cell's mechanical response that underpins mammalian cochlear amplification. Little is known about the protein's structure-function relations. Here we provide evidence that prestin is a 10-transmembrane domain protein whose membrane topology differs from that of previous models. We also present(More)
We have cloned from the receptor epithelium of the chick cochlea a family of alternatively spliced cDNAs derived from cslo, which encodes a Ca2+-activated K+ channel like those shown to help determine the resonant frequency of electrically tuned hair cells. Our results from PCRs using template RNAs from both tonotopically subdivided receptor epithelia and(More)
The integral membrane protein prestin, a member of the SLC26 anion transporter family, is responsible for the voltage-driven electromotility of mammalian outer hair cells. It was argued that the evolution of prestin's motor function required a loss of the protein's transport capabilities. Instead, it was proposed that prestin manages only an abortive(More)
Changing kinetics of large-conductance potassium (BK) channels in hair cells of nonmammalian vertebrates, including the chick, plays a critical role in electrical tuning, a mechanism used by these cells to discriminate between different frequencies of sound. BK currents are less abundant in low-frequency hair cells and show large openings in response to a(More)
The development of motor protein activity in the lateral membrane of the mouse outer hair cell (OHC) from postnatal day 5 (P5) to P18 was investigated under whole-cell voltage clamp. Voltage-dependent, nonlinear capacitance (C (v)), which represents the conformational fluctuations of the motor molecule, progressively increased during development. At P12,(More)
The auditory receptor epithelium is an excellent model system for studying the differential expression of ion channel genes. An inward rectifier potassium current is among those which have been measured in only subsets of chick cochlear hair cells. We have cloned and characterized an inward rectifier potassium channel (cIRK1) from the chick cochlear sensory(More)
Prestin is the motor protein within the lateral membrane of outer hair cells (OHCs), and it is required for mammalian cochlear amplification. Expression of prestin precedes the onset of hearing in mice, and it has been suggested that prestin undergoes a functional maturation within the membrane coincident with the onset of hearing. We have developed a(More)
Prestin is a member of the SLC26 family of anion transporters and is responsible for electromotility in outer hair cells, the basis of cochlear amplification in mammals. It is an anion transporting transmembrane protein, possessing nine cysteine residues, which generates voltage-dependent charge movement. We determine the role these cysteine residues play(More)
Loss of receptor hair cells in the cochlea accounts for a significant proportion of hearing impairment in the population. Hair cells can be lost as a consequence of viral or bacterial insult, aging, and damage from intense sound or aminoglycoside antibiotics. The generation of replacement hair cells following damage by sound or drugs has been clearly(More)