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A rare case of a newborn girl presenting with a mass representing an aborted parasitic twin attached to the back in the midline over the lumbosacral region (parasitic rachipagus) is reported. Rudimentary digits were attached to the mass, and in one area, the overlying skin resembled scrotal skin. A depression resembling an anal dimple was also present on(More)
Centella asiatica L. has been used as a medicinal herb for thousands of years in India, China, Sri lanka, Nepal and Madagascar. Centella asiatica is one of the chief herbs for treating skin problems, to heal wounds, for revitalizing the nerves and brain cells, hence primarily known as a "Brain food" in India. In India, it is described under the name of(More)
Medicinal plants are a rich source of bioactive phytochemicals or bionutrients. Studies carried out during the past 2– 3 decades have shown that these phytochemicals have an important role in preventing chronic diseases like cancer, diabetes and coronary heart disease. The major classes of phytochemicals with disease-preventing functions are dietary fibre,(More)
This study was undertaken to evaluate the hypoglycemic effect of methanolic extract of Holarrhena antidysenterica (MEHAD) seeds (Apocynaceae) in normal (Normoglycemic) and in streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic wistar rats. Oral administration of methanolic extract (250 mg/kg) for 18 days resulted in decrease in blood glucose level compared to the(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES The severe toxicity, exorbitant cost and emerging resistance of Leishmania species against most of the currently used drugs underscores the urgent need for the alternative drugs. The present study evaluates in vitro anti-leishmanial activity of Plumeria bicolor and its isolated compounds. METHODS The in vitro anti-parasitic(More)
An anthropometric survey of 41 variables (weight, height, 10 linear, 4 breadth, 22 craniofacial, 2 skinfold, and testicular volume), including multivariate discriminant analysis, was undertaken on 110 mentally retarded males (39 with and 71 without the fra(X) syndrome). The mean Z scores of the fra(X) syndrome males fell between -2.00 and 8.38 for(More)
PROJECT Chronic visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an increasingly common problem in disease endemic states of India. Identification of prognosis risk factor in patients with VL may lead to preventive actions, toward decreasing its mortality in chronic individuals. Though serum Zinc levels are decreased in patients of VL, limited information is available(More)
The clinical value of amphotericin B, the mainstay therapy for visceral leishmaniasis in sodium antimony gluconate-nonresponsive zones of Bihar, India, is now threatened by the emergence of acquired drug resistance, and a comprehensive understanding of the underlying mechanisms is the need of the hour. We have selected an amphotericin B-resistant clinical(More)
The study aimed to evaluate the hepatic antioxidant capacity of embelin (from Embelia ribes) using different antioxidant tests, free radical scavenging activity and lipid peroxidation in albino rats. Carbon tetrachloride (CCl₄) treatment to rats has been more susceptible to peroxidative damage through production of reactive metabolites, namely(More)
Diabetic neuropathies are a family of nerve disorders caused by diabetes. Symptoms of the disease include nerve palsy, mononeuropathy, mononeuropathy multiplex, diabetic amyotrophy, painful polyneuropathy, autonomic neuropathy, and thoracoabdominal neuropathy. In this study, type 2 diabetes in rats was induced with nicotinamide-streptozotocin. Drug(More)