Dharmarajan Sriram

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Betulinic acid is a naturally occurring pentacyclic triterpenoid and has been shown to exhibit a variety of biological activities including inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), antibacterial, antimalarial, antiinflammatory, anthelmintic and antioxidant properties. This article reports a survey of the literature dealing with betulinic acid(More)
On the basis of pharmacophoric modelling studies of existing NNRTIs, a series of isatin beta-thiosemicarbazone derivatives was synthesized and evaluated for their anti-HIV activity in HTLV-III(B) strain in the CEM cell line. Three compounds showed significant anti-HIV activity, whereupon compound 6 was found to be the most active compound with an EC(50)(More)
Isatin, its 5-chloro and 5-bromo derivatives have been reacted with N-[4-(4'-chlorophenyl)thiazol-2-yl] thiosemicarbazide to form Schiff bases and the N-Mannich bases of these compounds were synthesized by reacting them with formaldehyde and three secondary amines. Their chemical structures have been confirmed by means of IR, 1H-NMR data and by elemental(More)
Epilepsy is the most common primary neurological disorder known. In the past decade, various aryl semicarbazones have been designed that were structurally dissimilar from many common anticonvulsants containing the dicarboximide function (CONRCO), which may contribute to toxic side effects. In the present work various N4-(2,6-dimethylphenyl) semicarbazones(More)
Epilepsy is the most common primary neurological disorder known. Epileptiform neurons undergo paroxysmal depolarization shifts (PDS), which result in the excessive sustained neuronal firing seen in epilepsy. These shifts are due to either an impairment of GABA mediated inhibition, or an enhancement of aspartate or glutamate mediated excitatory transmission.(More)
Isatin and its derivatives have been reacted with 4-(4'-chlorophenyl)-6-(4"-methyl phenyl)-2-aminopyrimidine to form Schiff bases and the N-Mannich bases of these compounds were synthesized by reacting them with formaldehyde and several secondary amines. Investigation of antimicrobial activity of the compounds was made by the agar dilution method against 28(More)
Sixteen 7-substituted gatifloxacin derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for antimycobacterial activity in vitro and in vivo against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv (MTB) and multi-drug resistant M. tuberculosis (MDR-TB), and also tested for the ability to inhibit the supercoiling activity of DNA gyrase from M. tuberculosis. Among the synthesized(More)
The synthesis of a novel series of lamivudine prodrugs involving N4-substitution with isatin derivatives is described. The in-vitro antiretroviral activities indicated that compound 3b was found to be equipotent to lamivudine with EC50 of 0.0742+/-0.04 microM. Lamivudine prodrugs bearing fluoroquinoles antibacterial showed 92-100% inhibition against(More)
Thirty novel 9-fluoro-2,3-dihydro-8,10-(mono/di-sub)-3-methyl-8-nitro-7-oxo-7H-[1,4]oxazino[2,3,4-ij]quinoline-6-carboxylic acids were synthesized from 2,3,4,5-tetrafluoro benzoic acid and evaluated for in vitro and in vivo antimycobacterial activities against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv (MTB), multi-drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MDR-TB),(More)
An atom efficient, green protocol for the synthesis of fifteen 2-amino-6-methyl-4-aryl-8-[(E)-arylmethylidene]-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-4H-pyrano[3,2-c]pyridine-3-carbonitriles in quantitative yields from the reaction of 1-methyl-3,5-bis[(E)-arylmethylidene]-tetrahydro-4(1H)-pyridinones with malononitrile in presence of solid sodium ethoxide under solvent-free(More)