Dharamveer Pradhan

Learn More
In vivo, apoptotic lymphocytes are recognized and phagocytosed by macrophages well before the final stages of DNA degradation and cell lysis. The recognition process is apparently triggered by the exposure of phosphatidylserine (PS) on the cell surface, an event which precedes cell lysis by several hours. However, multiple receptors appear to respond to(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome contains five P-type ATPases divergent from both of the well-known subfamilies of these membrane ion transporters. This newly recognized third subfamily can be further divided into four classes of genes with nearly equal relatedness to each other. Genes of this new subfamily are also present and expressed in multicellular(More)
We have characterized the mutation in a feline model of DMD that selectively eliminates expression of the muscle and Purkinje neuronal dystrophin isoforms. The cortical neuronal isoform was expressed at a detectable level in skeletal muscle in the absence of the muscle promoter and levels of PCR products representing cortical neuronal-type transcripts in(More)
Canine X-linked muscular dystrophy is a spontaneously occurring, progressive, degenerative myopathy of dogs that is clinically and pathologically similar to Duchenne muscular dystrophy in man. The molecular basis for the disease has been shown to be a lack of dystrophin, the protein product of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy gene. Breeding colonies of(More)
Erythrocytes have an asymmetric distribution of phospholipids across the bilayer of their plasma membranes, maintained by an ATP-dependent aminophospholipid translocase, and dissipated by activation of a non-specific lipid flipsite. Loss of asymmetry provokes recognition by the reticuloendothelial system. In vitro, enhanced phagocytosis of erythrocytes with(More)
Peroxidation of erythrocyte membrane lipids by hydrogen peroxide perturbs the lipid bilayer and increases phagocytosis by macrophages. This study addresses the underlying mechanism of these processes, and in particular the role of malondialdehyde, a major byproduct of lipid peroxidation. When erythrocytes were treated with hydrogen peroxide or(More)
In the plasma membrane of erythrocytes, the phospholipids are asymmetrically distributed between the two leaflets of the bilayer. Erythrocytes that have lost this asymmetric distribution are more readily phagocytosed in vitro by macrophages. Surface exposure of phosphatidylserine (PS), normally restricted to the inner leaflet of the bilayer, has been(More)
Two mechanisms have been proposed for maintenance of transbilayer phospholipid asymmetry in the erythrocyte plasma membrane, one involving specific interactions between the aminophospholipids of the inner leaflet of the bilayer and the cytoskeleton, particularly spectrin, and the other involving the aminophospholipid translocase. If the former mechanism is(More)
Evaluation of anticancer effect of Sapindus trifoliatus (family-Sapindaceae) which has long been prescribed for various infectious and malignant diseases. Bio-assays of extracts from Sapindus trifoliatus showed that a fraction (fraction 3) from an ethanolic extract had an antiproliferative effect on SKBR3 and MDA-MB435 human breast cancer cells. The ED 50(More)
A radioactive photoactivable analogue of phosphatidylethanolamine, 2-(2-azido-4-nitro-benzoyl)-1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho[14C]ethanolamine ([14C]AzPE), was synthesized. Upon incubation with erythrocytes in the dark, about 90% of [14C]AzPE spontaneously incorporated into the cells; of this fraction, about 90% associated with the membrane, all of it(More)