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We devised a new method for examining the structural changes that occur in trabecular bone in aging and in osteoporosis. With simultaneous measurement of total perimeter and bone area in thin sections, indirect indices of mean trabecular plate thickness (MTPT) and mean trabecular plate density (MTPD) can be derived, such that trabecular bone volume = MTPD X(More)
Alendronate, an inhibitor of bone resorption, is widely used in osteoporosis treatment. However, concerns have been raised about potential oversuppression of bone turnover during long-term use. We report on nine patients who sustained spontaneous nonspinal fractures while on alendronate therapy, six of whom displayed either delayed or absent fracture(More)
There have been conflicting reports about the effect of diabetes on bone density. In 1978, we studied 109 patients, 46 with type I and 63 with type II diabetes; approximately 12 years later we restudied 35 of the 66 surviving patients. In the original study, radial bone density did not differ significantly between patients with either type of diabetes but(More)
We measured histologic indices of bone remodeling and turnover separately on the cancellous, endocortical, and intracortical subdivisions of the endosteal envelope, and on the combined total surface, in transiliac bone biopsies obtained after double tetracycline labeling in 142 healthy women, aged 20-74 years, 34 black and 108 white, 61 premenopausal and 81(More)
Parathyroidectomy is the definitive therapy for patients with symptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism. However, the role of surgery in mild asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism remains controversial. Accordingly, we conducted a prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial of parathyroidectomy to determine the benefits of surgery vs. adverse(More)
OBJECTIVE Methods to assess serum 25 OH vitamin D have improved in accuracy, precision, and ease of use. We describe the analytical and clinical validation of an automated, antibody- and microparticle-based, chemiluminescent immunoassay method for the determination of 25 OH vitamin D. DESIGN AND METHODS The LIAISON 25 OH Vitamin D assay is a rapid(More)
In primary hyperparathyroidism, adenoma size is a major determinant of disease severity and manner of presentation, but the reason for the large variation in size (>100-fold) is unknown. One factor could be the level of vitamin D nutrition, because in India, where vitamin D deficiency is endemic, adenomas are larger and the disease more severe than in the(More)
BACKGROUND Bisphosphonates are the most commonly prescribed medications for the treatment of osteoporosis. Although existing evidence supports a good safety profile, there is concern that chronic administration of these agents could result in severe suppression of bone turnover with increased risk of nonvertebral fractures. OBJECTIVE The objective of this(More)
We measured indices of bone volume (cancellous, cortical) and bone surface (cancellous, endocortical, and intracortical) in intact full-thickness transiliac bone biopsies obtained from 144 healthy women aged 20-74 (35 black and 109 white, 62 premenopausal and 82 postmenopausal). The data were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance of the four groups(More)
Osteomalacia is an end-stage bone disease of chronic and severe vitamin D or phosphate depletion of any cause. Its importance has increased because of the rising incidence of vitamin D deficiency. Yet, not all cases of osteomalacia are cured by vitamin D replacement, and furthermore, not all individuals with vitamin D deficiency develop osteomalacia.(More)