Dhanraj B. Shinde

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Green luminescent, graphene quantum dots (GQDs) with a uniform size of 3, 5, and 8.2(±0.3) nm in diameter were prepared electrochemically from MWCNTs in propylene carbonate by using LiClO(4) at 90 °C, whereas similar particles of 23(±2) nm were obtained at 30 °C under identical conditions. Both these sets of GQDs displayed a remarkable quantum efficiency of(More)
Here we report a remarkable transformation of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) to nanoribbons composed of a few layers of graphene by a two-step electrochemical approach. This consists of the oxidation of CNTs at controlled potential, followed by reduction to form graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) having smooth edges and fewer defects, as evidenced by multiple(More)
The exfoliation characteristics of graphite as a function of applied anodic potential (1-10 V) in combination with shear field (400-74 400 s(-1)) have been studied in a custom-designed microfluidic reactor. Systematic investigation by atomic force microscopy (AFM) indicates that at higher potentials thicker and more fragmented graphene sheets are obtained,(More)
Graphene-based membranes demonstrating ultrafast water transport, precise molecular sieving of gas and solvated molecules shows great promise as novel separation platforms; however, scale-up of these membranes to large-areas remains an unresolved problem. Here we demonstrate that the discotic nematic phase of graphene oxide (GO) can be shear aligned to form(More)
Here we report for the first time, a simple hydrothermal approach for the bulk production of highly conductive and transparent graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) using several counter ions from K2SO4, KNO3, KOH and H2SO4 in aqueous media, where, selective intercalation followed by exfoliation gives highly conducting GNRs with over 80% yield. In these experiments,(More)
Quantum dots: A sequential, single-electron charging process of monodisperse graphene quantum dots (GQDs) encapsulated in a dodecylamine envelope, facilitating a capacitance of a few attofarads is reported. The average GQDs dimensions, as ascertained from high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy, of about 3±0.3, 2.6±0.2,(More)
One- and two-dimensional carbon nanomaterials are attracting considerable attention because of their extraordinary electrical, mechanical and thermal properties, which could lead to a range of important potential applications. Synthetic processes associated with making these materials can be quite complex and also consume large amounts of energy, so a major(More)
We report an in situ Raman spectroscopic and microscopic investigation of the electrochemical unzipping of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). Observations of the radial breathing modes (RBMs) using Raman spectral mapping reveal that metallic SWNTs are opened up rapidly followed by gradual unzipping of semiconducting SWNTs. Consideration of the resonant(More)
A series of three novel donor-acceptor systems based on C(3)-malononitrile-substituted phenothiazines was synthesised in good overall yields and their thermal, spectroscopic, and electrochemical properties were characterised. The compounds were prepared through a sequence of Ullmann-coupling, Vilsmeier-Haack formylation and Knoevenagel-condensation,(More)
In situ decoration of very small CdSe quantum dots on graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) has been achieved during the electrochemical unzipping of single walled carbon nanotubes. Critical parameters like the width of the GNRs, size distribution of quantum dots and their organization on GNRs have been shown to be strongly dependent on the electric field and time.