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Oxygen supplementation is used as therapy to support critically ill patients with severe respiratory impairment. Although hyperoxia has been shown to enhance the lung susceptibility to subsequent bacterial infection, the mechanisms underlying enhanced susceptibility remain enigmatic. We have reported that disruption of NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), a(More)
All-trans-retinoic acid (RA) is a potent inhibitor of leukemia cell proliferation and induces differentiation of acute promyelocytic leukemia cells in vitro and in vivo. For RA to induce its biological effects in target cells, binding to specific retinoic acid nuclear receptors is required. The resulting complexes bind to RA-responsive elements (RAREs) in(More)
The alpha-myosin heavy-chain (alpha-MHC) gene is the major structural protein in the adult rodent myocardium. Its expression is restricted to the heart by a complex interplay of trans-acting factors and their cis-acting sites. However, to date, the factors that have been shown to regulate expression of this gene have also been found in skeletal muscle(More)
We show here that the combination of interferon-beta (IFN-beta) and all-trans-retinoic acid (RA) induces the death of tumor cells. To understand the molecular basis for synergistic growth-suppressive action and to identify the gene products that participate in this process, we have employed an antisense knock-out technique. This approach permits the(More)
The IFN family of cytokines operates a frontline defense against pathogens and neoplastic cells in vivo by controlling the expression of several genes. The death-associated protein kinase 1 (DAPK1), an IFN-γ-induced enzyme, controls cell cycle, apoptosis, autophagy, and tumor metastasis, and its expression is frequently down-regulated in a number of human(More)
AP-1 (Jun/Fos) transcription factors play key roles in various biological processes, including cell death. Here we report a novel role for Fra-1 in oxidant-induced cell death controlled by modulating antioxidant gene expression. Fra-1-deficient (Fra-1(Δ/Δ)) mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and primary lung fibroblasts (PLFs) were remarkably resistant to(More)
When given in the presence of gamma interferon (IFN-gamma), otherwise nontoxic doses of lipopolysaccharide (LPS or endotoxin) become highly lethal for mice. The mechanisms of this synergistic toxicity are not known. We considered the possibility that an interaction between the LPS-induced NF-kappaB and IFN-gamma-induced JAK-STAT pathways at the(More)
The 2-5A system is an interferon-regulated RNA degradation pathway with antiviral, growth-inhibitory, and pro-apoptotic activities. RNase-L mediates the antiviral activity through the degradation of viral RNAs, and the anticellular effects of the 2-5A system are thought to be similarly mediated through the degradation of cellular transcripts. However,(More)
We have described previously a novel interferon (IFN)-responsive cis-acting enhancer element called gamma-IFN-activated transcriptional element (GATE). GATE is distinct from the known IFN-stimulated elements and binds to novel transacting factors. To identify the gamma-IFN-responsive transacting factors that interact with GATE, we have screened a cDNA(More)
Transcription factor C/EBP-beta regulates a number of physiological responses. During an investigation of the growth-suppressive effects of interferons (IFNs), we noticed that cebpb(-/-) cells fail to undergo apoptosis upon gamma IFN (IFN-gamma) treatment, compared to wild-type controls. To examine the basis for this response, we have performed gene(More)