Dhananjaya V. Kalvakolanu

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Oxidative stress plays a major role in hyperoxia-induced acute lung injury. We have shown previously that mice lacking the Nrf2 are more susceptible to hyperoxia than are wild-type mice. Nrf2 activates antioxidant response element (ARE)-mediated gene expression involved in cellular protection against toxic insults. The present study was designed to(More)
Interleukin-17 (IL-17), the hallmark cytokine of T helper 17 (T(H)17) cells, signals through a distinct receptor subclass, yet little is known about the mechanisms involved. IL-17 activates the expression of target genes through the actions of the transcription factors nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB), CAAT enhancer binding protein delta (C/EBPdelta), and(More)
The alpha-myosin heavy-chain (alpha-MHC) gene is the major structural protein in the adult rodent myocardium. Its expression is restricted to the heart by a complex interplay of trans-acting factors and their cis-acting sites. However, to date, the factors that have been shown to regulate expression of this gene have also been found in skeletal muscle(More)
We show here that the combination of interferon-beta (IFN-beta) and all-trans-retinoic acid (RA) induces the death of tumor cells. To understand the molecular basis for synergistic growth-suppressive action and to identify the gene products that participate in this process, we have employed an antisense knock-out technique. This approach permits the(More)
PBK/TOPK is a recently cloned serine/threonine kinase which is phosphorylated during mitosis. Earlier work indicated that this kinase is upregulated in a Burkitt's lymphoma cell line (GA-10). To determine whether PBK/TOPK is upregulated in other mitotically active neoplastic cell lines and tissues, Northern analysis was performed on a panel of malignant(More)
Cancer metastasis and immune suppression are critical issues in cancer therapy. Here, we show that a β-galactoside-binding lectin [galectin-3 (gal3)] that recognizes the Thomsen-Friedenreich disaccharide (TFD, Galβ1,3GalNAc) present on the surface of most cancer cells is involved in promoting angiogenesis, tumor-endothelial cell adhesion, and metastasis of(More)
Transcription factor C/EBP-beta regulates a number of physiological responses. During an investigation of the growth-suppressive effects of interferons (IFNs), we noticed that cebpb(-/-) cells fail to undergo apoptosis upon gamma IFN (IFN-gamma) treatment, compared to wild-type controls. To examine the basis for this response, we have performed gene(More)
Recent studies indicate a potential role for Fra-1, a heterodimeric partner of activator protein 1 (AP1), in toxicant-induced epithelial injury, repair, and cellular transformation. Here, we have investigated the transcriptional regulation of fra-1 by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) in human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells, which are the direct(More)
Interferons (IFNs) regulate the expression of a number of cellular genes by activating the JAK-STAT pathway. We have recently discovered that CCAAAT/enhancer-binding protein-beta (C/EBP-beta) induces gene transcription through a novel IFN response element called the gamma-IFN-activated transcriptional element (Roy, S. K., Wachira, S. J., Weihua, X., Hu, J.,(More)