Dhananjaya V. Kalvakolanu

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Oxidative stress plays a major role in hyperoxia-induced acute lung injury. We have shown previously that mice lacking the Nrf2 are more susceptible to hyperoxia than are wild-type mice. Nrf2 activates antioxidant response element (ARE)-mediated gene expression involved in cellular protection against toxic insults. The present study was designed to(More)
GRIM-19 (Gene associated with Retinoid-Interferon-induced Mortality 19) is a novel tumor suppressor regulated by interferon/retinoid combination. We have recently shown that GRIM-19 inhibits v-Src-induced oncogenic transformation and metastatic behavior of cells. Oncogenic v-Src induces cell motility by cytoskeletal remodeling, especially the formation of(More)
BACKGROUND Our previous studies showed a down-regulation of GRIM-19 in primary human cervical cancers, and restoration of GRIM-19 induced tumor regression. The induction of tumor suppressor protein p53 ubiquitination and degradation by E6 oncoportein of high risk-HPV through forming a stable complex with E6AP is considered as a critical mechanism for(More)
PURPOSE Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3) is constitutively activated in a variety of cancers and it is a common feature of prostate cancer. Thus, Stat3 represents a promising molecular target for tumor therapy. We applied a DNA vector-based Stat3-specific RNA interference approach to block Stat3 signaling and to evaluate the(More)
Solid tumors are relatively resistant to growth inhibition by IFNs. To enhance sensitivity, we assessed combinations of IFNs with all-trans-retinoic acid (RA). Antiproliferative studies in vitro suggested that the growth of three human breast carcinomas (MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, and MDA-MB-468), an ovarian carcinoma (NIH-OVCAR-3), and a malignant melanoma(More)
The facultative anaerobic, invasive Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium (S. typhimurium) has been shown to retard the growth of established tumors. We wondered if a more effective antitumor response could be achieved in vivo if these bacteria were used as tools for delivering specific molecular antitumor therapeutics. Constitutively activated(More)
FRA-1 forms activator protein-1 complexes in association with members of the JUN family and drives gene transcription. FRA-1 has been implicated in the development of airway squamous metaplasia and is frequently overexpressed in squamous cell carcinomas of the esophagus and stomach. We and others have shown a high level of persistent induction of FRA-1 by(More)
Exposure of distal bronchiolar region to various toxicants and pollutants suppresses Clara cell differentiation marker expression and greatly enhances the induction of squamous cell differentiation (SCD). Here, we demonstrate for the first time phorbol 13-myristate 12-acetate (PMA)-inducible expression of SCD markers, SPRRs, in Clara-like H441 cells. The(More)
The tumor suppressor LKB1 (STK11) is a cytoplasmic/nuclear serine/threonine kinase, defects in which cause Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) in humans and animals. Recent studies showed that loss of function of LKB1 is associated with sporadic forms of lung, pancreatic, and ovarian cancer. In cancer cells, LKB1 is inactivated by two mechanisms: mutations in its(More)