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Long-term potentiation (LTP) is an enhancement of synaptic strength that can be produced by pairing of presynaptic activity with postsynaptic depolarization. LTP in the hippocampus has been extensively studied as a cellular model of learning and memory, but the nature of the underlying synaptic modification remains elusive, partly because our knowledge of(More)
The PSD-95/SAP90 family of proteins has recently been implicated in the organization of synaptic structure. Here, we describe the isolation of a novel Ras-GTPase activating protein, SynGAP, that interacts with the PDZ domains of PSD-95 and SAP102 in vitro and in vivo. SynGAP is selectively expressed in brain and is highly enriched at excitatory synapses,(More)
The microtubule-associated protein tau accumulates in Alzheimer's and other fatal dementias, which manifest when forebrain neurons die. Recent advances in understanding these disorders indicate that brain dysfunction precedes neurodegeneration, but the role of tau is unclear. Here, we show that early tau-related deficits develop not from the loss of(More)
In this study we examine developmental changes between postnatal day (PND) 4 and 14 in synaptic transmission and plasticity in the CA1 region of hippocampal slices. We confirm previous results that tetanus-induced long-term potentiation (LTP) in field recordings is diminished in slices from younger animals. LTP in whole-cell current-clamp recordings is also(More)
The targeting and surface expression of membrane proteins are critical to their functions. In neurons, synaptic targeting and surface expression of AMPA-type glutamate receptors were found to be critical for synaptic plasticity such as long-term potentiation and long-term depression (LTD). PICK1 (protein interacting with C kinase 1) is a cytosolic protein(More)
Glutamate receptors mediate the majority of rapid excitatory synaptic transmission in the central nervous system (CNS) and play important roles in synaptic plasticity and neuronal development. Recently, protein-protein interactions with the C-terminal domain of glutamate receptor subunits have been shown to be involved in the modulation of receptor function(More)
The modification responsible for the long-term synaptic potentiation (LTP) that follows a brief conditioning period is not known. To elucidate this change, we have resolved quantal levels of transmission before and after induction of LTP. We find an increase both in the number of quanta released and in quantal amplitude, consistent with combined pre- and(More)
The PDZ domain-containing proteins, such as PSD-95 and GRIP, have been suggested to be involved in the targeting of glutamate receptors, a process that plays a critical role in the efficiency of synaptic transmission and plasticity. To address the molecular mechanisms underlying AMPA receptor synaptic localization, we have identified several GRIP-associated(More)
Selectivity to visual stimulus orientation is a basic cortical functional property believed to be crucial for normal vision. Maturation of this neuronal property requires neural activity. Still, it is unclear what might be the molecular basis for such activity-dependent processes and whether activity has an instructive or permissive role in development of(More)
Glutamatergic synapses switch from nonspiny synapses to become dendritic spines during early neuronal development. Here, we report that the lack of sufficient Rac1, a small RhoGTPase, contributes to the absence of spinogenesis in immature neurons. The overexpression of green fluorescence protein-tagged wild-type Rac1 initiated the formation of dendritic(More)