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Evidence is presented that links microcystins to a severe liver disease that occurs in Atlantic salmon that are netpen-reared in coastal British Columbia. Liquid chromatography-linked protein phosphatase bioassay analysis of extracts of liver tissue taken from Atlantic salmon afflicted with netpen liver disease showed the presence of an inhibitor of protein(More)
Toxins produced by marine phytoplankton represent a severe global health hazard to humans that eat seafood and are also responsible for massive natural fish kills in specialized bloom situations. Tumour-promoting hepatotoxins from the freshwater microcystin/nodularin class were identified in Northeastern Pacific Ocean, Eastern Canadian and European mussels(More)
In vivo insulin secretion was quantified as the AIRg or AIRa in islet-transplanted rats. Male Wistar-Furth rats previously made diabetic by STZ administration (55 mg/kg) were transplanted with 500, 1000, 2000, or 3000 islets infused into the portal vein (n = 12-14 per group) and were compared with sham-treated controls (CN, n = 16). At 4-5 wk(More)
Liquid chromatography (LC)-linked protein phosphatase 1/2A (PP-1/PP2A) bioassay was used to quantitatively identify diarrhetic shellfish toxins in marine phytoplankton (cultured and natural assemblages) and commercially available mussels. Using this approach, multiple protein phosphatase inhibitor profiles of varying composition were found in diarrhetic(More)
AIMS Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) can induce vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and differentiation, which is the important mechanism of the pro-atherogenic effects of ox-LDL. Although miRNAs are crucial regulators of the ox-LDL effects on VSMC, the detailed mechanisms are not fully elucidated. So, we investigated the miRNAs(More)
Capillary electrophoresis (CE) coupled with liquid chromatography (LC)-linked protein phosphatase (PPase) bioassay was used to detect sensitivity both diarrhetic shellfish toxins and hepatotoxic microcystins in marine and freshwater samples. This procedure provided a quantitative bioscreen for the rapid optical resolution of either of these toxin families(More)
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