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Recent resting-state functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging studies have shown significant group differences in several regions and networks between patients with major depressive disorder and healthy controls. The objective of the present study was to investigate the whole-brain resting-state functional connectivity patterns of depressed(More)
Recently, a functional disconnectivity hypothesis of schizophrenia has been proposed for the physiological explanation of behavioral syndromes of this complex mental disorder. In this paper, we aim at further examining whether syndromes of schizophrenia could be decoded by some special spatiotemporal patterns of resting-state functional connectivity. We(More)
This paper proposes a numerical-integration perspective on the Gaussian filters. A Gaussian filter is approximation of the Bayesian inference with the Gaussian posterior probability density assumption being valid. There exists a variation of Gaussian filters in the literature that derived themselves from very different backgrounds. From the(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have suggested that the default mode network (DMN) plays a central role in the physiopathology of major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the effect of antidepressant treatment on functional connectivity within the DMN has yet to be established. Considering the very high rates of relapse in recovered subjects, we hypothesized(More)
OBJECTIVE Brain-computer interface (BCI) provides a mean of communication for the patients that are severely disabled by neuromuscular diseases. The performance of the classical P300 speller, however, declines noticeably in the gaze fixation condition. The speller paradigm presented in this paper aims to release the gaze dependency at the cost of an extra(More)
Hu et al. [4] recently proposed two-dimensional locality preserving projections (2DLPP) for image feature extraction. The 2DLPP was directly based on image matrices rather than vectors and thus obviated the transformation from matrices to vectors as usually performed in LPP. Although the effectiveness of 2DLPP has been shown by experiments, we will show in(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, a growing number of neuroimaging studies have begun to investigate the brains of schizophrenic patients and their healthy siblings to identify heritable biomarkers of this complex disorder. The objective of this study was to use multiclass pattern analysis to investigate the inheritable characters of schizophrenia at the individual(More)
The current diagnosis of psychiatric disorders including major depressive disorder based largely on self-reported symptoms and clinical signs may be prone to patients' behaviors and psychiatrists' bias. This study aims at developing an unsupervised machine learning approach for the accurate identification of major depression based on single resting-state(More)
In this paper, we present a kernel-based least squares policy iteration (KLSPI) algorithm for reinforcement learning (RL) in large or continuous state spaces, which can be used to realize adaptive feedback control of uncertain dynamic systems. By using KLSPI, near-optimal control policies can be obtained without much a priori knowledge on dynamic models of(More)
This paper is about the fitting or inversion of dynamic causal models (DCMs) of fMRI time series. It tries to establish the validity of stochastic DCMs that accommodate random fluctuations in hidden neuronal and physiological states. We compare and contrast deterministic and stochastic DCMs, which do and do not ignore random fluctuations or noise on hidden(More)