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Recent resting-state functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging studies have shown significant group differences in several regions and networks between patients with major depressive disorder and healthy controls. The objective of the present study was to investigate the whole-brain resting-state functional connectivity patterns of depressed(More)
This paper proposes a numerical-integration perspective on the Gaussian filters. A Gaussian filter is approximation of the Bayesian inference with the Gaussian posterior probability density assumption being valid. There exists a variation of Gaussian filters in the literature that derived themselves from very different backgrounds. From the(More)
Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) is an objective whole-brain technique for characterizing regional cerebral volume and tissue concentration differences in structural magnetic resonance images. In the current study, we used VBM to examine possible cerebral gray matter abnormalities in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) due to fire. The subjects(More)
Recently, a functional disconnectivity hypothesis of schizophrenia has been proposed for the physiological explanation of behavioral syndromes of this complex mental disorder. In this paper, we aim at further examining whether syndromes of schizophrenia could be decoded by some special spatiotemporal patterns of resting-state functional connectivity. We(More)
Hu et al. [4] recently proposed two-dimensional locality preserving projections (2DLPP) for image feature extraction. The 2DLPP was directly based on image matrices rather than vectors and thus obviated the transformation from matrices to vectors as usually performed in LPP. Although the effectiveness of 2DLPP has been shown by experiments, we will show in(More)
In this paper, we present a kernel-based least squares policy iteration (KLSPI) algorithm for reinforcement learning (RL) in large or continuous state spaces, which can be used to realize adaptive feedback control of uncertain dynamic systems. By using KLSPI, near-optimal control policies can be obtained without much a priori knowledge on dynamic models of(More)
OBJECTIVE Brain-computer interface (BCI) provides a mean of communication for the patients that are severely disabled by neuromuscular diseases. The performance of the classical P300 speller, however, declines noticeably in the gaze fixation condition. The speller paradigm presented in this paper aims to release the gaze dependency at the cost of an extra(More)
Individual differences in brain metrics, especially connectivity measured with functional MRI, can correlate with differences in motion during data collection. The assumption has been that motion causes artifactual differences in brain connectivity that must and can be corrected. Here we propose that differences in brain connectivity can also represent a(More)
The recursive least-squares (RLS) algorithm is one of the most well-known algorithms used in adaptive filtering, system identification and adaptive control. Its popularity is mainly due to its fast convergence speed, which is considered to be optimal in practice. In this paper, RLS methods are used to solve reinforcement learning problems, where two new(More)
OBJECTIVE Although extensive studies have shown improvement in spelling accuracy, the conventional P300 speller often exhibits errors, which occur in almost the same row or column relative to the target. To address this issue, we propose a novel hybrid brain-computer interface (BCI) approach by incorporating the steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP)(More)