Dewan Sakhawat Billal

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The growing number of macrolide-resistant strains of Streptococcus pyogenes is an increasing problem worldwide. In this study, we evaluated 62 clinical isolates of S. pyogenes obtained from the upper respiratory tract. Susceptibilities to penicillins, cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, macrolides, and carbepenems were determined by minimal inhibitory(More)
BACKGROUND Streptococcus pneumoniae is the leading cause of childhood pneumonia and meningitis worldwide. Isolation of this organism, however, is uncommon in resource-poor countries, in part because of extensive use of prior antibiotics. A rapid, highly sensitive immunochromatographic test (ICT) for S. pneumoniae was evaluated for the diagnosis of(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study is to examine the internalization of nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) into human epithelial cells. METHODS Bactericidal assay was applied to examine the effects of antibiotics against cell-adherent NTHi using HEp-2 cells. A trans-well chamber assay was applied to examine the internalization and penetration of NTHi(More)
We evaluated the recent prevalence of antimicrobial-resistant Haemophilus influenzae isolated from the upper respiratory tracts (URT) of patients in Japan. Mutations in the ftsI gene, which encodes penicillin binding protein 3 (PBP3), and the clonal dissemination of the resistant strains were also investigated. A total of 264 H. influenzae isolates were(More)
Out of 175 pneumococcal isolates from middle ear fluids, 26.3% were penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae (PRSP). Serotypes 19F and 23F occurred most frequently among PRSP strains. The 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) showed better coverage of PRSP strains (87.0%). The 7-valent PCV may reduce the prevalence of PRSP in Japan.
Acute otitis media (AOM) is the most common disease seen in childhood. Streptococcus pneumoniae, non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi), and Moraxella catarrhalis are the most frequent pathogens of all AOM episodes. The high prevalence of drug-resistant pathogens such as penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae (PRSP) and betalactamase producing or(More)
Linezolid is an oxazolidinone antibiotic that inhibits the initiation of translation. Although resistance to linezolid is an uncommon event, it has been reported in clinical isolates. The genome sequence of Streptococcus pneumoniae linezolid-resistant mutants recently revealed mutations associated with resistance. A proteomic and transcriptomic screen now(More)
Outer membrane protein P4, together with P6, is highly conserved among all typeable and nontypeable strains of Haemophilus influenzae (H. influenzae). Thus, the protein is an attractive antigen for the inclusion in a vaccine against nontypeable H. influenzae (NTHi). However, the ability of P4 to induce antibodies protective against NTHi infections is still(More)
OBJECTIVE Heamophilus influenzae (H. influenzae) is an important pathogen responsible for both invasive and non-invasive infectious diseases. While encapsulated type b strain recognized as a major cause of severe invasive diseases, nontypeable strains are the major causes of non-invasive infectious diseases. Detection of this pathogen from nasopharyngeal(More)
The appropriate clinical applications of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccines against recent increases in antimicrobial resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) urgently require accurate analytical methodologies for determining and characterizing the serotypes. The results of current immunological determinations of serotypes with anti-capsular(More)