Devyani S. Raval

Learn More
We studied the pharmacokinetics of indomethacin (0.3 mg/kg) given intravenously in 17 premature infants to promote closure of persistent ductus arteriosus. The decay of indomethacin generally showed an initial rapid distribution (alpha) phase followed by a slower elimination (beta) phase. The mean half-life of elimination (20.7 +/- 8 hours) was three times(More)
We studied the effect of penicillin on early-onset Group B streptococcal disease over a 52-month period in neonates who were at high risk of infection. Shortly after birth, 1187 neonates weighing 2000 g or less had blood samples taken for cultures and were randomized into an early-treatment group (given intramuscular penicillin G within 60 minutes of birth)(More)
UNLABELLED Preeclampsia complicated by the HELLP syndrome is associated with poor maternal outcome; there is scant information on neonatal outcome. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the outcome of infants born to mothers with HELLP syndrome. STUDY DESIGN Chart review comparing perinatal variables and the clinical course of 23 infants born to mothers whose pregnancy(More)
This study was undertaken to determine the relationship between retinopathy of prematurity, ocular sequelae of retinopathy, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia in infants weighing < 1250 g at birth prior to the introduction of steroid therapy for chronic lung disease. Ophthalmological data from 67 infants (22 with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia and 45(More)
An analysis of clinical response and plasma indomethacin concentration was performed on 10 small (less than or equal to 1000 g) and 12 large (greater than 1000 g) premature infants who had symptomatic ductus arteriosus and required intravenous indomethacin therapy (0.3 mg/kg per day). The postnatal age, daily fluid intake, and cardiopulmonary status of the(More)
The renal effects of frusemide treatment in infants with respiratory distress syndrome shortly after birth and during the first three postnatal days were evaluated. Eighty five infants were randomly assigned to two groups. Forty two received three doses of intravenous frusemide (1 mg/kg) starting at age, mean (SD) 7.5 (4.1) hours and given at approximately(More)
Recent studies suggested that prostaglandins (PGs) may play a role in the pathogenesis of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). To evaluate if PGs inhibitor, indomethacin, would affect the incidence or severity of the ROP, an analysis was performed on 47 infants who participated in a double-blind controlled study of indomethacin for the closure of PDA.(More)
To provide a clinical assessment of cardiovascular dysfunction (CVD) in premature infants with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), a scoring system (CVD score) was devised and correlated with blood gases, acid-base balance, and echocardiogram. The score consisted of evaluation of heart rate, quality of peripheral arterial pulsation, degree of precordial(More)
In utero exposure to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIAs) can produce combinations of oligohydramnios, a bleeding diathesis, ileal perforation, premature closure of the ductus, and acute or chronic renal injury. NSAIAs induce renal dysgenesis in fetal monkeys and renal structural abnormalities in the developing human fetus. We report(More)
A double-blind controlled trial of intravenous indomethacin therapy was performed using a group of 55 premature infants (27 placebo, 28 indomethacin) with a significant persistent ductus arteriosus. Indomethacin administration at a mean postnatal age of 8.9 days was followed by a significant effect on PDA in 89%; 75% of successes were attributable to(More)