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Convulsive seizures during ethanol withdrawal (ETX) in rodents can be precipitated by acoustic stimulation. The inferior colliculus (IC) is strongly implicated in the neuronal network for these audiogenic seizures (AGS) in animals undergoing ETX. Previous evidence indicates that the central nucleus of IC (ICc) is important in AGS initiation in ETX, but the(More)
The inferior colliculus (IC) is established as the initiation site within the neuronal network for audiogenic seizures (AGS), but the relative importance of the IC subnuclei in AGS is controversial. The lateral and basolateral subdivisions of the amygdala are implicated in the expansion of the AGS network that occurs during AGS kindling. However, the role(More)
The in vivo characterization of a dual adenosine A(2A)/A(1) receptor antagonist in several animal models of Parkinson's disease is described. Discovery and scale-up syntheses of compound 1 are described in detail, highlighting optimization steps that increased the overall yield of 1 from 10.0% to 30.5%. Compound 1 is a potent A(2A)/A(1) receptor antagonist(More)
The inferior colliculus (IC) central nucleus (ICc), is critical for audiogenic seizure (AGS) initiation in the genetically epilepsy-prone rat (GEPR). The ICc lacks direct motor outputs but sends a major projection to the external nucleus of IC (ICx), which does project to the sensorimotor integration nuclei within the AGS neuronal network. The present study(More)
Initiation of audiogenic seizures (AGS) emanates from the inferior colliculus (IC) to other IC subnuclei in the genetically epilepsy-prone rat (GEPR). The external nucleus of IC (ICx) is a suggested site of convergence of the auditory output onto the sensorimotor integration network components for AGS in the brainstem. Neuronal firing was recorded from the(More)
We examined the time course of expression of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) protein in the granule cells of the dentate gyrus following unilateral intrahippocampal injection of kainic acid (KA). Recurrent behavioral seizures were observed approximately 1 h after KA injection, which lasted for 4-6 h. GDNF immunoreactivity began to(More)
Kainic acid (KA) lesions of the rat hilus model hippocampal sclerosis and temporal lobe epilepsy. Unilateral hilar cell loss denervates the associational afferents normally projecting to the inner molecular layer (IML) granule cell dendrites, followed by ipsilateral mossy fiber (MF) sprouting. Hilar neurons also project through the hippocampal commissure to(More)
Following intrahippocampal (hilar) kainic acid (KA) lesions in rats, NMDAR2A/B receptor proteins are upregulated significantly in the inner molecular layer (IML) of the dentate gyrus by post-injection day 5. By contrast, the aberrant mossy fibers which reinnervate the IML remained in the subgranular zone before sprouting and synapsing in the IML, which(More)
Neurofilament proteins (NFPs), the cytoskeletal proteins that are essential for axogenesis and maintenance of neuron shape in the nervous system, were studied for their spatial distributions at nine postnatal days (PN 3, 5, 7, 10, 14, 17, 21, 28, and 120). Simultaneously non-phosphorylated (SMI-32; 150/200 kDa; Sternberger) and phosphorylated (SMI-31; 200(More)
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