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This study examined the effect of sagittal trunk posture on the gait of able-bodied subjects. Understanding the effect of trunk posture on gait is of clinical interest since alterations in trunk posture often occur with age or in the presence of spinal pathologies, such as lumbar flatback. Gait analysis was conducted on 14 adults walking at self-selected(More)
STUDY DESIGN This study analyzed force plate, kinematic, and metabolic energy data of 14 able-bodied subjects standing statically with upright and trunk-flexed postures. OBJECTIVE To explore the effect of trunk-flexed postures on balance and metabolic energy expenditure during standing. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Abnormal trunk posture often occurs in(More)
The goal of this study is to better understand how the central nervous system switches between alternative stabilization strategies when presented with an unstable task. A haptic, bimanual manipulandum has been used to emulate an unstable task, which requires subjects to stabilize a virtual mass under the action of a saddle force field with two nonlinear(More)
OBJECTIVE The Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH) believes it is important to help stakeholders (e.g., manufacturers, health-care professionals, patients, patient advocates, academia, and other government agencies) navigate the regulatory landscape for medical devices. For innovative devices involving(More)
The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ensures that patients in the U.S. have access to safe and effective medical devices. The Division of Neurological and Physical Medicine Devices reviews medical technologies that interface with the nervous system. This article addresses how to navigate the FDA's regulatory landscape to successfully bring(More)
The primary objective of this study was to establish the coordinate frame for force control by observing how parameters of force that are not explicitly specified by a motor task vary across the workspace. We asked subjects to apply a force of a specific magnitude with their hand. Subjects could complete the task by applying forces in any direction of their(More)
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