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Soybean (Glycine max) is one of the most important crop plants for seed protein and oil content, and for its capacity to fix atmospheric nitrogen through symbioses with soil-borne microorganisms. We sequenced the 1.1-gigabase genome by a whole-genome shotgun approach and integrated it with physical and high-density genetic maps to create a chromosome-scale(More)
Mutability of the w(4) flower color locus in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] is conditioned by an unstable allele designated w(4)-m. Germinal revertants, purple-flower plants, recovered among self-pollinated progeny of mutable flower plants were associated with the generation of necrotic root, chlorophyll-deficiency, and sterility mutations. Thirty-seven(More)
Resistance of soybean against the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora sojae is conferred by a series of Rps genes. We have characterized a disease resistance gene-like sequence NBSRps4/6 that was introgressed into soybean lines along with Rps4 or Rps6. High-resolution genetic mapping established that NBSRps4/6 cosegregates with Rps4. Two mutants, M1 and M2,(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) is induced in non-inoculated leaves following infection with certain pathogenic strains. SAR is effective against many pathogens. Salicylic acid (SA) is a signaling molecule of the SAR pathway. The development of SAR is associated with the induction of pathogenesis related (PR) genes. Arabidopsis non-expressor(More)
Root and stem rot is one of the major diseases of soybean. It is caused by the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora sojae. A series of resistance genes (Rps) have been providing soybean with reasonable protection against this pathogen. Among these genes, Rps8, which confers resistance to most P. sojae isolates, recently has been mapped. However, the most closely(More)
Soybean is a major crop that is an important source of oil and proteins. A number of genetic linkage maps have been developed in soybean. Specifically, hundreds of simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers have been developed and mapped. Recent sequencing of the soybean genome resulted in the generation of vast amounts of genetic information. The objectives of(More)
Chlorophyll-deficient mutants have been studied persistently to understand genetic mechanisms controlling metabolic pathways. A spontaneous chlorophyll-deficient lethal mutant was observed in self-pollinated progeny of a soybean cultivar " BSR 101 ". Observed segregation patterns indicated single-gene recessive inheritance for this lethal-yellow mutant. The(More)
In diploid segregation, each alternative allele has a 50% chance of being passed on to the offspring. Mutations in genes involved in the process of meiotic division or early stages of reproductive cell development can affect allele frequency in the gametes. In addition, competition among gametes and differential survival rates of gametes can lead to(More)
Nonhost resistance (NHR) provides immunity to all members of a plant species against all isolates of a microorganism that is pathogenic to other plant species. Three Arabidopsis thaliana PEN (penetration deficient) genes, PEN1, 2 and 3 have been shown to provide NHR against the barley pathogen Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei at the prehaustorial level.(More)
Oleic acid is one of the three major unsaturated fatty acids in soybean oil. Expression of the embryo-specific Fad2-1 gene correlates with fatty acid biosynthesis and oil deposition in developing seeds. Elevated levels of oleate in the X-ray-induced mutant line M23 have been shown to be associated with the deletion of a Fad2-1 gene. In soybean, two homologs(More)