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Weak immunogenicity of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells may contribute to disease progression and inhibit effective immunotherapy. Accordingly, agents that enhance the immunogenicity of CLL cells may be useful in immunotherapeutic approaches to this disease. Since Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are major regulators of innate immunity and initiation of(More)
Cytotoxic chemotherapies do not usually mediate the expression of an immunogenic gene programme in tumours, despite activating many of the signalling pathways employed by highly immunogenic cells. Concomitant use of agents that modulate and complement stress-signalling pathways activated by chemotherapeutic agents may then enhance the immunogenicity of(More)
An intrapleural injection of carrageenan in rats induced LTB4 and LTC4/D4/E4 biosynthesis, exudate formation, and cellular influx in the pleural cavity. An injection of calcium ionophore (A23187, 100 nmol) 16-18 h after carrageenan injection augmented leukotriene biosynthesis and exudate formation, but not cellular influx. The carrageenan-induced pleurisy(More)
We present an environmental data visualization framework that features synchronous and asynchronous multiuser interaction with all the benefits of modern web-based applications, such as easy accessibility and cross-platform compatibility. In contrast to outdated web-based network protocols, the proposed framework uses HTML5 Web-Sockets to enable full-duplex(More)