Devin A. White

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The effect of vanadium oxides on living systems may involve the in vivo conversion of vanadate and vanadyl ions. The addition of 5 mM orthovanadate (VO4(3-), V(V)), a known inhibitor of the (Na,K)-ATPase, to yeast cells stopped growth. In contrast, the addition of 5 mM vanadyl (VO2+, V(IV) stimulated growth. Orthovanadate addition to whole cells is known to(More)
The Golden Syrian hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) has been shown to be a useful model of both human lipoprotein metabolism and the development of atherosclerosis. We report the effects of dietary lipids on the progression and regression of atherosclerosis in this model. In the first study, hamsters fed on coconut oil (150 g/kg diet) and cholesterol (30 g/kg(More)
Seventeen hours after a single oral dose of the cyclic monoterpenes cineole or menthol, rat liver 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase activity was inhibited by up to 70%. The transient nature of this effect (no inhibition 41 h after dosing) was compatible with the rapid metabolism and excretion of these terpenes. Neither menthol, and(More)
Raised plasma triacylglycerol is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and an understanding of factors which regulate the synthesis and degradation of lipoproteins which carry triacylglycerol in the blood may lead to novel approaches to the treatment of hypertriacylglycerolaemia. An active microsomal triacylglycerol transfer protein (MTP)(More)
1. Explants of mammary glands of mid-pregnant rabbits that had been cultured for 18h in the presence of insulin, prolactin and cortisol were incubated at 37 degrees C for 2h in Medium 199 containing l-[4,5-(3)H]leucine. After a wash procedure at 4 degrees C, explants were re-incubated at 37 degrees C in fresh medium and the radioactivity of casein(More)
By using membrane preparations from B. licheniformis, this enzyme has been assayed in both directions and found to be resistant to tunicamycin (1OOpg. ml-'). Therefore in wall-polymer assembly in B. licheniformis, B . subtilis and S . aureus tunicamycin has been shown to inhibit the biosynthesis of both peptidoglycan and the linkage units involved in the(More)
Rowachol, a proprietary choleretic containing 6 pure monoterpenes markedly elevates serum HDL cholesterol (SHDL-C) concentrations in man. The concentration of SHDL-C showed a progressive increase in 16 patients treated with 6-9 capsules of Rowachol daily for periods of 2-28 weeks. There was no accompanying significant change in the concentrations of serum(More)
While it is well established that the fatty acid composition of dietary fat is important in determining plasma lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations, the effects of changing the absolute quantities of the individual fatty acids are less clear. In the present study Golden Syrian hamsters were fed on isoenergetic, low cholesterol (0.05 g/kg) diets containing(More)