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This paper presents DFT calculations of C-H hydroxylation of N,N-dimethylaniline by Compound I (Cpd I) of cytochrome P450. The reaction involves two processes nascent from the two spin states of Cpd I, the low-spin (LS) and high-spin (HS) states. The calculations demonstrate that the kinetic isotope effects (KIEs) of the two processes are very different,(More)
C-H hydroxylation is a fundamental process. In Nature it is catalyzed by the enzyme cytochrome P450, in a still-debated mechanism that poses a major intellectual challenge for both experiment and theory; currently, the opinions keep swaying between the original single-state rebound mechanism, a two-oxidant mechanism (where ferric peroxide participates as a(More)
Puberty is a transition period of reproductive development from juvenile stages to adulthood and depends upon the activity of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons. GnRH neurons are initially activated in utero but remain quiescent throughout the juvenile period. Premature reactivation of GnRH neurons results in precocious puberty in mice and(More)
[structure: see text] Novel colorimetric receptors for selective fluoride ion sensing containing anthraquinone as chromogenic signaling subunit and urea (N,N' '-(9,10-dihydro-9,10-dioxo-1,2-anthracenediyl)bis[N'-phenyl])/thiourea (N,N' '-(9,10-dihydro-9,10-dihydro-9,10-dioxo-1,2-antrhacenediyl)bis[N-phenyl]) binding sites have been reported. These receptors(More)
The neuropeptide kisspeptin is a major regulator of the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal axis. Although it has long been known that kisspeptin and its receptor G protein-coupled receptor 54 (GPR54) are expressed in the developing brain well before puberty onset, the potential role of kisspeptin/GPR54 signaling in the embryonic brain has remained mysterious.(More)
The mechanism of N-demethylation of N,N-dimethylanilines (DMAs) by cytochrome P450, a highly debated topic in mechanistic bioinorganic chemistry (Karki, S. B.; Dinnocenczo, J. P.; Jones, J. P.; Korzekwa, K. R. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1995, 117, 3657), is studied here using DFT calculations of the reactions of the active species of the enzyme, Compound I (Cpd I),(More)
Proton transfer reactions play a vital role in the catalytic cycle of cytochrome P450cam and are responsible for the formation of the iron-oxo species called Compound I (Cpd I) that is supposed to be the active oxidant. Depending on the course of the proton transfer, protonation of the last observable intermediate (ferric hydroperoxo complex, Cpd 0) can(More)
There has been a profound interest in designing small molecules that interact in sequence-selective fashion with DNA minor grooves. However, most in silico approaches have not been parametrized for DNA ligand interaction. In this regard, a systematic computational analysis of 57 available PDB structures of noncovalent DNA minor groove binders has been(More)