Devendra B. Gupta

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We present a method for identifying biomarkers in human lung injury. The method is based on high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy applied to bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) collected from lungs of critically ill patients. This biological fluid can be obtained by bronchoscopic and non-bronchoscopic methods. The type of lung injury(More)
Pain following craniotomy has frequently been neglected because of the notion that postcraniotomy patients do not experience severe pain. However a gradual change in this outlook is observed because of increased sensitivity of neuroanaesthesiologists and neurosurgeons toward acute postcraniotomy pain. Multiple modalities exist for treating this variety of(More)
Encephalocele is a form of neural tube defect, characterized by protrusion out of the meninges and brain tissue through a bony skull defect. As per the site of origin, these encephaloceles have been classified into different types, out of which the frontoethmoidal one is exclusively common in Southeast Asia with a reported incidence of 1 in 5,000.(More)
Sir, Securing of any external devices such as endotracheal tube (ETT), tracheostomy tube (TT), arterial and central venous catheters, nasogastric tubes, drainage tubes such as external ventricular drain, urinary catheters should be firm without being uncomfortable to the patients. Accidental dislodgement increases the possibility of replacing it(More)
BACKGROUND Valsalva maneuver reduces pain by activating sinoaortic baroreceptor reflex arc. We planned this study to evaluate the role of valsalva in attenuating spinal needle-puncture pain. METHODS Ninety American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade I and II enrolled patients undergoing elective surgery were randomized into 3 groups of 30 each.(More)
CONTEXT Catheter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD) is the most distressing symptom in patients due to intraoperative urinary catheterization. Amikacin significantly inhibits detrusor contraction evoked by prejunctional stimulation. AIMS The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of amikacin in prevention of CRBD in patients undergoing percutaneous(More)
Hyperglycaemia following surgical and anaesthetic stress is a well-established entity which might have undesirable clinical consequences in known diabetics. We encountered a rare event where an undiagnosed diabetic patient developed ketoacidosis in the immediate post-operative period which was her initial presenting symptom of deranged glucoregulation.(More)
Valsalva maneuver is associated with diverse physiological changes. These changes are used in various diagnostic and therapeutic clinical settings. Valsalva maneuver is also employed during various phases of neurosurgical procedures to achieve specific targets and confirm intraoperative findings. In this article, we attempt to describe the various clinical(More)