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BACKGROUND There have been no clinical trials in resource-rich regions that have addressed the question of which highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimens are more effective for optimal viral response in antiretroviral-naive, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected pregnant women. METHODS Data on 240 HIV-1-infected women starting HAART(More)
BACKGROUND Considerable uncertainty remains as to whether early initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in children with vertically acquired human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection increases the benefit in terms of immunological response. METHODS The association between immunological outcome and early initiation of and/or more-potent ART was(More)
OBJECTIVE In multicellular organisms, cell division is regulated by growth factors (GFs). In the absence of GFs, cells exit the cell cycle at a site in G1 referred to as the restriction point (R) and enter a state of quiescence known as G0. Additionally, nutrient availability impacts on G1 cell cycle progression. While there is a vast literature on G1 cell(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid testing of pregnant women aims to increase uptake of HIV testing and results and thus optimize care. We report on the acceptability of HIV counselling and testing, and uptake of results, before and after the introduction of rapid testing in this area. METHODS AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS HIV counsellors offered counselling and testing to women(More)
Objective. Antipsychotics have been associated with increased cardiac events including mortality. This study assessed cardiac events including mortality among antipsychotic users relative to nonusers. Methods. The General Practice Research Database (GPRD) was used to identify antipsychotic users, matched general population controls, and psychiatric diseased(More)
Objective. Assess risk of cardiac events and mortality among users of olanzapine and other antipsychotics relative to nonusers. Methods. The General Practice Research Database was used to identify cohorts of antipsychotic users and nonusers with psychiatric illness. Outcomes included cardiac mortality, sudden cardiac death (SCD), all-cause mortality(More)
Developing an in vitro Blood Brain Barrier model that will replicate the physiological, anatomical, and functional characteristics of the native BBB has gained significant attention. Such a model would enable prediction of the penetration of CNS targeting drug candidates across the BBB, allow pre-screening and optimization strategies to be developed for new(More)
Spontaneous perinephric hematoma (SPH) is a rare entity whose diagnosis is challenging because of its varied clinical presentation and lack of any specific etiology. We report a 34-year-old African-American male who presented with left flank pain and was found to have a large left perinephric hematoma, in the setting of undiagnosed AL amylodosis. The case(More)
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