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We have demonstrated in the present study that novel organic cation transporter (OCTN) 2 is a transporter for organic cations as well as carnitine. OCTN2 transports organic cations without involving Na(+), but it transports carnitine only in the presence of Na(+). The ability to transport organic cations and carnitine is demonstrable with human, rat, and(More)
Therapeutic use of cephaloridine, a beta-lactam antibiotic, in humans is associated with carnitine deficiency. A potential mechanism for the development of carnitine deficiency is competition between cephaloridine and carnitine for the renal reabsorptive process. OCTN2 is an organic cation/carnitine transporter that is responsible for Na(+)-coupled(More)
We report here on the cloning and functional characterization of human LAT1, a subunit of the amino acid transport system L. The hLAT1 cDNA, obtained from a human placental cDNA library, codes for a protein of 507 amino acids. When functionally expressed in mammalian cells together with the heavy chain of the rat 4F2 antigen (r4F2hc), hLAT1 induces the(More)
A gene bank of Sau3A1-generated Streptococcus pneumoniae type 23 DNA fragments was constructed in Escherichia coli K-12 with the low-copy-number cosmid vector pOU61cos. Clone lysates were screened by immunoblotting using a mouse antiserum raised against a crude pneumococcal hyaluronidase preparation. One immunoreactive clone was isolated, and it produced(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is endemic in India and causes epidemics and sporadic cases. However, the exact transmission route for sporadic hepatitis E remains unclear. This study investigated HEV in sporadic hepatitis cases and sewage samples, as sewage is the major source of contamination of water in developing countries. METHODS Monthly sampling(More)
The microbial flora of the jejunal lumen of 28 infants with acute gastroenteritis was compared with that of a group of 10 normal infants. The jejunum of control subjects harboured an "oral" type of flora and in a few instances enterobacteria in small numbers. The concentrations of all but one of the groups of organism were higher in the patients than in(More)
The spiral organism Helicobacter pylori has been causally implicated in the genesis of various gastroduodenal diseases. Since these diseases are common in southern India, this study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of H. pylori in the gastric mucosa of asymptomatic adults and patients with various gastroduodenal diseases. H. pylori was detected in(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of intestinal protozoal and helminthic infection in a rural population. METHOD Seventy-eight members of 15 families from a village were studied. Stool samples from all subjects were examined on alternate days for one month. RESULTS The overall prevalence rate of various parasitic infections was 97.4%, with only 2 of(More)
We have isolated a cDNA from a rabbit intestinal cDNA library which, when co-expressed with the heavy chain of the human 4F2 antigen (4F2hc) in mammalian cells, induces system L-like amino acid transport activity. This protein, called LAT2, consists of 535 amino acids and is distinct from LAT1 which also interacts with 4F2hc to induce system L-like amino(More)
We report here on the cloning and functional characterization of human SVCT2, a sodium-dependent vitamin C (ascorbate) transporter. The hSVCT2 cDNA obtained from a human placental choriocarcinoma cell cDNA library, codes for a protein of 650 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 70 kDa. At the level of amino acid sequence, the human SVCT2 exhibits(More)