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BACKGROUND The acquisition of an androgen-independent phenotype is the most serious issue of prostate cancer treatment. Although several experimental cell models have been reported for studying androgen independence, they have limited applications related to hormone-refractory prostate cancer. To investigate the molecular mechanism of androgen-independent(More)
A disintegrin and metalloproteases (ADAMs) are proteins that contain both a disintegrin and metalloprotease domain and have potential implications for the metastasis of human cancer cells via cell adhesion and protease activities. In this study, we analyzed the expression levels of ADAM-9, ADAM-10 and ADAM-17 (TNF-alpha converting enzyme, TACE), and TIMP-3(More)
Dengue virus occurs as four distinct serotypes, called Dengue 1, 2, 3, and 4. Symptomatic dengue virus infection ranges from a self limited febrile illness, dengue fever (DF), to a more severe disease, dengue hemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome (DHF/DSS). The anti-Dengue treatment is severely hampered as no specific therapeutic agents are available.(More)
BACKGROUND The expression of prostate-derived factor (PDF) is significantly elevated in human prostate tumors. We investigate the functional role and signaling of PDF in androgen receptor (AR)-positive human prostate cancer cells. METHODS Transient or stable expression of PDF by cDNA transfection, antisense-mediated gene silencing, media conditioned by(More)
There is emerging evidence that inflammation may lead to prostate cancer development. Although inflammation is an essential response to injury or infection, chronic inflammation is harmful and causes tissue damage. Increasing evidence suggests that inflammation leads to the development of epithelial cancers; however, studies on inflammation-targeted genes(More)
Molecular genetic mechanisms involved in the progression of prostate cancer are not well understood due to extensive tumor heterogeneity and lack of suitable models. New methods such as fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH), comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and microsatellite analysis have documented losses or gains on various chromosomes.(More)
Prostate cancer remains a significant health problem for men in the Western world. Although treatment modalities are available, these do not confer long-term benefit and are accompanied by deleterious side effects. Immunotherapy represents a valuable alternative to conventional treatments by inducing tumour-specific immune responses that control the growth(More)
Generation of antigen-specific CD8+ T cell responses is considered optimal for an effective immunotherapy against cancer. In this study, we provide a proof of principle that in vitro observed diminished CD8+ T cell response provided a strong in vivo tumor protection. Immunization with an adenovirus vaccine containing ovalbumin (OVA) gene (Ad5-OVA) strongly(More)
Modulation of immune response to alleviate diseases has long since been of interest. Plant extracts have been widely investigated for their possible immunomodulatory properties. We have evaluated the immunomodulatory activity of aqueous extract of Rhodiola rhizome in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and mouse macrophage cell line RAW 264.7.(More)